UNITED NATIONS, May 5 (Xinhua) -- The world's five nuclear powers on Wednesday said that they attach great importance to achieving the universality of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), remain committed to fulfill the obligations under the multilateral treaty and to take concrete and credible steps towards irreversible disarmament.
Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, the five recognized nuclear countries under the NPT, issued a joint statement to air their viewpoints on nuclear weapons on the sidelines of the current NPT Review Conference, which entered the third day here Wednesday.
"We attach great importance to achieving the universality of the NPT," the statement said. "We urge those States that are not Parties to the Treaty to accede as non-nuclear-weapon States and pending accession to the NPT, to adhere to its terms."
"We also reaffirm our commitment to carry on the results of the 1995 and 2000 Review Conferences," it said. "We welcome the constructive discussions and positive atmospherics at the Preparatory Committees of the Eighth Review Cycle and the agreement in New York in May 2009 of an agenda and rules of procedure for this Review Conference."
"We believe this, together with the success of the UN Security Council Summit on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Nuclear Disarmament, and the unanimous adoption of Resolution 1887, demonstrate the international community's shared commitment to seeking a safer world for all and to creating the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons, in accordance with the goals of the NPT, in a way that promotes international stability, and based on the principle of undiminished security for all," the statement said.
"The NPT is fundamental to protecting global peace and security from the threat of the proliferation of nuclear weapons. It has served the international community well for the past four decades, " the statement said. "It remains the bedrock of the nuclear non- proliferation regime, the collective pursuit of nuclear disarmament, and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy."
"We stress the importance that all States Party fully implement and comply with the Treaty, and we reaffirm our unequivocal commitment to the Treaty and to strengthening the NPT at the Review Conference so that it can effectively address the current and pressing challenges that we face," it said.
"As nuclear-weapon States, we reaffirm our enduring commitment to the fulfillment of our obligations under Article VI of the NPT and our continuing responsibility to take concrete and credible steps towards irreversible disarmament, including provisions for verification," it said.
The statement voiced its support to the U.S.-Russian treaty, signed on April 8, on measures for the further reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms, saying "when it is fully implemented, the Treaty will result in the lowest number of deployed nuclear weapons since the 1950s."
"We believe it to be a significant step in the implementation of Article VI that will promote international stability and undiminished security for all through mutual trust, openness, predictability and co-operation, and thus help create the conditions for moving toward our disarmament goals and build a strong basis for addressing the threats of nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism," it said.
"We reaffirm our determination to abide by our respective moratoria on nuclear test explosions before entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and call on all States to refrain from conducting a nuclear test explosion," it said.
"The proliferation of nuclear weapons undermines the security of all nations," it said. "It sets back the cause of disarmament, in particular nuclear disarmament, and imperils the prospects for strengthening international co-operation in nuclear energy, including the role we wish to see such co-operation play in combating climate change and ensuring sustainable development of nuclear energy."
"We reaffirm that all States Party must ensure strict compliance with their non-proliferation obligations under the NPT and work actively to ensure that others comply with their non- proliferation obligations," the statement added.