"Other governments like in Malawi, South Africa and Kenya have started social cash transfer programmes which identify people with most needs especially if they have AIDS or orphans or others problems and simply give them cash."
He said this money is not only being spent on health and schooling needs for the children but the people also use it to buy food from their communities hence create demand that helps maintain the markets and help the communities out of poverty as well.
"These are innovative programmes that help to empower people to take charge of their own education and their own health," he said.
In Kenya, the National Hospital Insurance Scheme (NHIF) said it is in discussions with the Ministry for Gender, Children and Social Development - which coordinates free cash transfers- to allow that part of the monthly stipend being paid to the poor, is used to pay for NHIF medical insurance premiums, enabling the poor elderly and orphans to access free medical care.
Lake said it is still possible to solve the problem of maternal deaths and ensure access to affordable and quality reproductive health systems when such efforts focus on the people most affected by these problems.
He said efforts aimed at preventing the transmission of HIV virus from the mother to the child help bring the healthcare more into the communities and this makes it is easier for communities to have energy, time and resources to tackle other challenges.
He said key challenges that continue to affect access and delivery of healthcare in Africa include poor transport systems especially in the rural areas, overburdened hospitals and clinics and high cost of healthcare especially the medicine used by the poor.