BEIJING, Sept. 24 (Xinhua) -- Premier Wen Jiabao's three-day U.N. visit this week has been fruitful as a major diplomatic effort at a time when new changes are emerging in the world economy and politics, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi told reporters Friday.
Wen was in New York from Tuesday to Thursday for the U.N. Summit on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the general debate of the 65th session of the U.N. General Assembly, a summit of the U.N. Security Council member states, and a high-level discussion panel on AIDS and MDGs. He also met with U.S. President Barack Obama on bilateral ties and regional and world issues, calling for more cooperation.
Yang said Wen made the New York trip as the world economy stabilized and started to show improvement but the recovery remained unbalanced and was still not solid.
The international community has, in general, made significant progress on meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the minister said. he said, however, more imminent is the imbalance in international development and there are new challenges in international cooperation and development.
The developing countries want more attention from the international community on the development issue, the minister said, and countries are ever more willing to promote peace, development and cooperation. They, he said, expect a greater role for the United Nations in safeguarding world peace, promoting mutual development and advancing international cooperation.
Wen's trip also came at a time when there are some misunderstandings and misinterpretations about China, which had led the global economic recovery and was put in the global spotlight, Yang said.
Wen's visit was also important given that the handling of ties between China and the United States, in particular the appropriate handling of the differences and the advancing of mutual trust and cooperation, is of great importance to the health of their bilateral relations, the foreign minister added.
PRESENTING CHINA AS IT IS
Premier Wen tried to present China as it is at the U.N. meetings, the welcome banquet in his honor organized by friendly organizations, meetings with foreign leaders and guests, and in media interviews.
The premier was sincere and objective about the true condition, challenges and development strategy of China. He made it clear that there had been no change to the fundamental fact that China remains a developing country and that it will stick to the policy of reform and opening up to the outside and the long-term pursuit of peaceful development, Yang said.
It is widely agreed, Yang said, that Premier Wen responded with clear and definitive answers to questions about the developing country status, development strategy and international role of China.
His words had been sincere and his arguments convincing, helping the international community better understand China as it is and increasing their confidence in the country, Yang said.
ADVANCING MDGS FULFILLMENT
Addressing the U.N. summit on MDGs, Premier Wen introduced China's achievement in fulfilling the MDGs in slashing poverty and promoting cooperation among developing countries.
He laid out a package of proposals to further advance the fulfillment of the MDGs, calling on the international community to prioritize African development and poverty alleviation, as well as promoting U.N.'s leading role in international cooperation.
Wen pledged to help developing nations with improving their livelihoods, reducing or erasing debts, enhancing links in such fields as finance, economy and trade, agriculture and human resources training.
He announced China will, on top of previously pledged assistance, provide an additional 200 million U.S. dollars in aid to flood-stricken Pakistan.
The premier also witnessed the signing of a memorandum of understanding on boosting cooperation between China and the U.N. Development Program (UNDP).
As most countries believe, despite all kinds of difficulties, Yang said, China has made positive contributions to achieving the MDGs. China's economic and social progress would certainly encourage other developing nations. In the eyes of the world, China always keeps its promises by taking substantial, sincere and selfless measures.
Premier Wen's presence at a U.N. panel on AIDS, the first appearance of senior Chinese leadership to such gatherings, has demonstrated a China that is open, self-confident, emphasizing human dignity, social justice and harmony, as well as balanced development, Yang said.
While meeting with the U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, Wen said China pledged to play a more active role in U.N. affairs in various sectors and to strengthen its partnership with the U.N.
PROMOTING PEACE AND STABILITY
Attending the U.N. Security Council meeting, Wen presented China's views on world security, and expressed China's willingness to continue supporting the U.N.'s leading role in safeguarding international peace and security.
Wen said the Chinese people love peace, and as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council, China advocates solving both international and regional hot spot issues through peaceful means.
Wen also said China has been effective and constructive in a series of the world's most pressing issues, such as the Iran nuclear issue and on the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue, combating pirates, maintaining the international nuclear non-proliferation regime, multilateral arms control and reduction, anti-terrorism and peace-keeping, Yang said.
Wen also called on the U.N. to make more efforts and play a greater role in safeguarding world peace and security.
Wen put forward four proposals. First, hold high the banner of peace and push for the settlement of disputes through peaceful means; Second, improve work methods and improve the U.N. Security Council's problem solving capability; Third, enhance coordination to eradicate the root causes of conflicts and disputes. Fourth, prioritize tasks and focus on solving problems in Africa.
The proposals, Yang said, fully demonstrate China's firm support for the U.N. and multilateralism, as well as China's commitment to the developing nations.
PROMOTION OF HEALTHY AND STEADY DEVELOPMENT OF CHINA-U.S RELATIONS
Yang said the promotion of China-U.S relations was an important part of Wen's visit.
During the visit, Wen and U.S. President Barack Obama had an in-depth exchange on Sino-U.S relations and issues of common interest and reached important consensus. The meeting was sincere, pragmatic and constructive. They emerged expressing confidence about the future of bilateral ties.
Wen said at the meeting that the international financial crisis had brought to the two countries not only great pressure and challenges, but also new chances for additional cooperation.
The two sides should boost political and strategic mutual trust, stick to policies that delivered mutual benefits, strengthen dialogue, cooperation at multi and bilateral levels and deal with the differences in an appropriate manner. The two countries should also become partners instead of rivals, Wen said.
Trade disputes between the two countries were structural conflicts that would be solved gradually by keeping the overall situation in mind and taking comprehensive measures, Wen said.
Wen said China was willing to discuss with its U.S. partner, on the basis of mutual respect and equal treatment, large scale cooperation in finance, trade and investment.
China was also willing to work together with the United States to jointly safeguard the international financial stability and push for a balanced and sustainable development in trade links, Wen added.
He promised China was ready to keep close coordination with the United States, foster favorable conditions for President Hu Jintao's U.S.visit next year, and push the bilateral ties to a higher level.
Obama said his administration had established an active, cooperative and broad relationship with China.
The two sides should strengthen their strategic and economic dialogue to boost the sustainable recovery of the global economy, the U.S. president said.
He said the U.S. was willing to strengthen cooperation with China in the fields of energy and environmental protection, and jointly find an effective way to fundamentally improve their trade relations.
Obama said the United States is confident of overcoming differences through dialogue with China, deepening common interests and developing a strong and cooperative relationship with China. He said he was looking forward to Hu's visit.
During a speech entitled "To Create A Bright Future for the China-U.S. Relations Jointly in the New Era," at an evening banquet hosted by some U.S. friendship organizations, Wen said dialogue and cooperation had always maintained the ties between China and the United States despite twists and turns.
The cooperation between China and United States, he said, benefits both sides while confrontation results in harms, and mutual trust brings progress while suspicion causes setbacks.
Premier Wen's words illustrated the significance of China-U.S relations from a strategic height and long-term perspective, Yang said. The words also pointed out the right direction of the maintenance and promotion of the healthy development of bilateral relations, Yang added.
Wen also met with former U.S. President Bill Clinton, had discussions with people from the U.S. economic, financial and academic communities, and was interviewed by CNN and the Times magazine.
He expounded on issues related to Sino-U.S. relations, China's domestic and foreign policies, and China's reform and development, which laid a solid foundation for the sustained and healthy development of China-U.S. ties.
On the illegal detention of the Chinese trawler and her captain, Yang said China has lodged solemn representations and urged Japan to send back the captain immediately and unconditionally. Otherwise, China would take further counter measures. The Japanese side should be fully responsible for all the consequences, Yang said.
Wen said China-Japan relations had witnessed improvement and development thanks to years of efforts by both sides. The good momentum had now suffered severe damage and Japan was solely responsible, he said.
He urged the Japanese government to swiftly correct its mistake and bring bilateral ties back on track, which is in line with the fundamental interests of the two people as well as world peace and cooperation.
Wen's remarks were widely applauded by the overseas Chinese, who were deeply touched and encouraged by the unwavering determination of the Chinese people and government to safeguard its territorial integrity and sovereignty, Yang said.
Yang said Wen's visit to the U.N. was complete and successful, as it is presented China's domestic and foreign policies to the world, promoted international development and cooperation, supported U.N. to play a greater role, showcased China's image as a responsible country, and consolidated the relations between China and major developed and developing countries.