by Marzia De Giuli
ROME, July 2 (Xinhua) - The Italian press on Wednesday defined the Japanese government's move to allow exercise of the collective self-defense right as the end of pacifism in the country.
"Pacifism goodbye" was the title of an article published by economic newspaper II Sole 24 Ore, while Corriere della Sera, the largest circulation daily in Italy, wrote "the pacifist era has run out in Japan."
The Japanese government of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Tuesday ratified reinterpretation of the country's pacifist constitution, which triggered concerns both at home and overseas, Corriere della Sera noted.
"Abe has defused the move, assuring continuity in the country's pacifism. But in fact the Japanese army has raised its head for the first time since 1945," the daily added.
The resolution adopted by the Japanese cabinet sets new conditions that would enable the exercise of the collective self-defense right, such as when there are "clear dangers" due to armed attacks on Japan or "countries with close ties."
After the end of World War II, Japan was requested to process the demilitarization under the supervision of the United States.
Avvenire, another Italian newspaper based in Rome, called the move as a "militaristic turn" of Japan.
Although Abe said there was no change in the general principle that Japan is a pacific country, in the background there are the DPRK issues as well as "the tensions between China and Japan" over territorial disputes, according to Avvenire.
Japan has "armaments among the most modern and sophisticated," the newspaper said, adding that Abe has eyed further moves to "widen the action of self-defense forces and the opportunity to boost military technology exports."
Since he came to power in 2012, the Japanese prime minister has carried out his electoral promises by forced march, II Foglio newspaper wrote.
"Embarrassment and disapproval of the international community" have marked Abe's visit to the Yasukuni shrine, but "what happened yesterday has a historical value and will end to change definitively the balances in the Pacific," the newspaper said.
Nothing in Japan, neither demonstrations of anti-war protestors nor surveys showing the concern of citizens, was able to stop Abe's project, II Foglio went on to say, wishing, however, that the move in the end will be for "actively contributing to stability in the region."