DAVOS, Switzerland, Jan. 25 (Xinhua) -- The spillover effects on emerging markets caused by the tapering of U.S. quantitative easing (QE) could be varied from country to country, participants to the World Economic Forum (WEF)'s Davos meeting said Saturday.
Late last year, the Federal Reserve (FED) announced a "modest reduction" in monthly asset purchases. The official kick-off of the American central bank's gradual exit from the five-year-long stimulus was feared to throw the global markets, especially the emerging markets, into volatility, which has naturally become a hot topic in the annual gathering of global elites amid the expectation of a fragile recovery in global economy.
Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), said on a plenary session of the four-day event in Davos this afternoon that in May last year when the hint of FED to gradually wind down its asset purchase gave the markets a heavy blow, the actual flow of capitals (from emerging economies) has not been not that big, and not all emerging markets have been effected in the same way.
"Markets and investors are very cunning, they look at the fundamentals of economies, look at the strength of government, look at the predictability of policies, look at the policy-making, and they decide to move in, to stay, (or) to move out. There are countries that have hardly any currency movement, and there are countries that have seen significant currency movement as the result of the talk of tapering and subsequently the announcement in December", said the head of IMF.
She then emphasized that what has been happening between May and December, the official announcement of U.S. unwinding of QE, has been beneficial for many countries, having taken India as an example to explain the impact of monetary policy, and as well as reaffirmation of fiscal policy on how prepared of the South-Asian country, which was greatly hit in May the rupee fell to a record low later, to the potential risks at present.
Palaniappan Chidambaram, Finance Minister of India, said earlier at the Davos meeting that developing economies would feel the certain pinch of the tapering, and India is better prepared than last year with its estimated strong economic growth this year, fiscal consolidation, reserves' augmentation, and other measures to stabilize its capital market.
"The risks associated with emerging markets remain high, but the way in which QE tapering is applied can play a role in either enabling growth or throwing currencies and economies into turmoil," FTI Consulting said in a report published at the beginning of this year's event.
The company warned that inflation destabilization and the rising costs of borrowing can be possible threats to emerging economies should they give poor responses.