LUXEMBOURG, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- Luxembourg, the tiny but rich country in West Europe, is set to hold early general elections on Sunday. The following is detailed information about the snap election and the electoral system in the world's last remaining Grand Duchy.
Jean-Claude Juncker, the prime minister of Luxembourg for the past 18 years, submitted his resignation to the Grand Duke in July, when a probe concluded that he failed to inform the parliament of irregularities and illegalities conducted by the country's secrete services between 2004 and 2009.
Juncker denied any wrongdoing, but his center-right Christian Social People's Party (CSV) lost confidence in the parliament when the center-left Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP) withdrew from the CSV-led coalition government over the scandal.
The snap election was then set for Oct. 20. In fact Luxembourg has a reputation for political stability and the last time a snap election was called was back in the late 1960s.
The parliament, or the 60-member Chamber of Deputies, is elected for a five-year term by proportional representation in four constituencies, namely the north, the south, the east and the center.
This year, nearly 238,600 voters are registered, 6.6 percent higher than that of the 2009 election. More than 600 polling stations are set up in the four constituencies.
Luxembourg has an obligatory voting system for citizens between the age of 18 and 75, thus guaranteeing a very high turnout each time. Votes by mail are only allowed for people over the age of 75 or living abroad, while unjustified failure to vote will result in a fine of at least 100 euros.
Major political parties include the CSV, the LSAP, the Democratic Party (DP), the Green Party and the Communist Party (PCL). The prime minister, to be appointed by the Grand Duke after the elections, is usually the leader of the party or the coalition of parties that have the most seats in the parliament.