DAMASCUS, Sept. 28 (Xinhua) -- After a two-and-a-half-year deadlock on ways to tackle the Syrian conflict, the UN Security Council finally adopted a resolution to eradicate Syria's chemical arsenal, a long-awaited consensus deemed by Syrian analysts as "a new horizon for political settlement" for the ongoing crisis.
The legally binding resolution, passed unanimously on Friday, is based on a recent deal between Washington and Moscow, which aimed to achieve a chemical-weapon-free Syria in exchange for Damascus' immunity from a U.S. military punishment for its alleged use of chemical agents on civilians.
The ambitious resolution has two key demands: Syria abandons its chemical weapons stockpile; Weapons experts are given unfettered access to make sure it is dismantled by the middle of next year.
While the resolution does not authorize automatic use of force if Syria fails to comply, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov told the Security Council that Moscow, an ally of Damascus, "will stand at the ready to take actions" if enforcement is needed.
Issam Khalil, a Syrian lawmaker, hailed the resolution as a " breakthrough" in the international relations and an end to a " phase of complications and political congestion" in an interview with Xinhua on Saturday.
In addition, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon announced a tentative date of mid-November for a new peace conference in Geneva, which aims to help the Syrian government and the opposition to craft a political deal to end the crisis.
The meeting was initially called for by Moscow and Washington in May to follow up a previous peace conference also held in the Swiss city but has been delayed multiple times.
"The international consensus to help hold the Geneva II conference paves the way for a political solution in Syria," Khalil said. "The crisis here, since its beginning, has been exploiting the internal circumstances to serve a foreign plot aimed at destroying Syria."
He added that the countries that support what he called " terrorism" in Syria must stop their actions, "or they will find themselves standing against the will of the international community, which endorsed this resolution and decided to head toward a political solution to the Syrian crisis."
For his part, Safwan Akkasheh, a prominent member of the oppositional National Coordination Body (NCB), told Xinhua that the resolution took out the chemical weapons from "internal circulation" and saved Syria from "political extortion" by the superpowers, in reference to the West's threats of a strike.
Akkasheh pointed out that the resolution is tied up with a political solution in Syria. "We back this approach and think that it meets our ambitions. ... The international powers are convinced that there is no military solution to the crisis... this development constitutes an important turning point in the international political transformation."
He stressed that the exiled opposition would also take part in the upcoming conference in Geneva, despite some recent voices that set preconditions for that to happen.