by Tian Xiaohang, Wang Lei
CAIRO, Sept. 24 (Xinhua) -- An Egyptian court on Monday banned all activities of the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) and ordered to seize its assets, escalating a crackdown on the Islamic movement that may finally outlaws it, analysts said Tuesday.
The court also banned the activities of the group's non- governmental organization, which was officially registered in March, and all institutions affiliated to it, according to the presiding judge.
Although the MB has not been outlawed by the Egyptian court, the fresh ruling revealed the determination of the authorities to exclude it from political reconciliation process, or even deny its legitimacy, analysts said.
Tariq Khideer, chief of the constitutional law department at the Police Academy in Cairo, said he expected more resistance from the Muslim Brotherhood after the court ruling.
"The Muslim Brotherhood will continue to hold mass rallies in order to impede the implementation of the road-map for the transition period," Khideer said, noting that the demonstration will undermine stability and security, which will put more pressure on the government and army.
However, if the MB sticks to violence against the government, it may be outlawed and again goes underground, said Ahmed Baan, a researcher with Nile Center for Strategic Studies.
The MB was forced to go underground during the regime of former President Hosni Mubarak who had banned the Islamic group.
It came to public after the political upheaval that toppled Mubarak in 2011 and peaked in its history in Egypt after its leader Mohamed Morsi was elected president last year.
However, after Morsi was ousted on July 3 by the army, a heavy blow to the MB that was established 85 years ago and exercises a strong influence in the Middle East, the group faces a crackdown that almost denies its legitimacy.
The Egyptian authorities have arrested dozens of senior members of the MB, including its top leader Mohamed Badie, since then.
Although supporters of the group kept organizing demonstrations every week, it is difficult for it to restore its influence in Egypt.
It's worth noting that frequent protests gradually trigger complaints from local residents, who not only prevent the MB supporters from marching but also clash with them. "This trend implies that the MB is losing its reputation as the people realize the negative impact of endless protests on social stability and economic development," Khideer said.
Although it was dissolved many times before, the MB still has wide influence on the grassroots. However, the court ruling targeted not only the MB itself, but also many organizations affiliated to the group, like the NGO registered by the MB, companies, hospitals, schools and mosques run or supported by the MB.
All these organizations would be banned, or even dissolved once they are confirmed to be under the supervision of the court, and all the assets belonging to the MB and its members would be seized, Khideer added.
"The framework of the Brotherhood is on the edge of collapse," said Waheed Abdel Maguid, an expert in the Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies. He added that after this verdict comes into effect, the authorities will deal with the MB in a much more flexible approach, not only maintaining social stability, but also eliminating the group's influence from social, political, economic and cultural aspects.
However, the MB may respond to the verdict as it usually did and spread its influence by participating in political affairs individually, donating to hospitals and schools and so on, said Gamal Slamaha, a professor of political science with Suez University.
The verdict has provided clearer and stronger legal basis for Egyptian authorities to arrest MB members in the future, because all the activities of the group will be easily affirmed as illegal actions, he added.