UNITED NATIONS, Jan. 24 (Xinhua) -- The UN Security Council on Thursday unanimously adopted a resolution to extend the mandate of the United Nations Peacebuilding Office, known as BINUCA, in the Central African Republic (CAR) until Jan. 31, 2014.
The Security Council "calls on the government, 'Seleka' Coalition, armed groups and democratic opposition to abide in good faith by their commitment in the Declaration of principle signed by Libreville on Jan. 11, 2013," the resolution said.
The resolution also "condemns military attacks by armed groups in an attempt to destabilize the peace building process" in the country.
The 15-nation Security Council also calls for the "expeditious and full implementation of the cease-fire between the government and 'Seleka' Coalition, and of the political agreement on the resolution of the crisis," the resolution said.
Seleka means "alliance" in the Sango language in the CAR. " Seleka" Coalition is rebel forces that captured many major towns in the central and eastern regions of the country. The alliance comprises two major groups based in northeastern CAR.
The Seleka rebels, who accused CAR's President Francois Bozize of reneging on a 2008 peace deal and cracking down on dissidents, have created the disorder in the country over the past months.
The Security Council strongly condemned the "continued violations of international humanitarian and human rights law," including "the recruitment and use of children, killing and maiming of civilians, including of children, rape and sexual slavery and other forms of sexual and gender-based violence and abductions, and targeting of ethnic minorities perpetrated by armed groups," the resolution said.
On Dec. 10, the alliance launched an armed campaign as a revolt against the current government and as of now, the rebel forces have reportedly "attacked several towns across the Central African Republic, moving from the northeast of the country in the direction of the capital Bangui," a recent United Nations Office of Humanitarian (OCHA) report, covering a period from Dec. 10 to Jan. 2, said.
The OCHA report added that an "estimated 316,000 people are living in the affected areas, and some 700,000 persons in Bangui are at further risk of an escalation in fighting."
Consequently, the extension of the mandate will give CAR an opportunity to focus on maintaining "law and order, promote security and protect the civilian population, including foreign nationals" and work with "bilateral partners to enhance the capacity of the CAR Armed Forces," the resolution said.
The BINUCA was established in January 2010 in order to help coordinate various UN entities in their mission to consolidate peace, security, and national reconciliation in the CAR, a country that has faced conflict and lack of state authority.
On Dec. 21, the Security Council unanimously decided to renew the mandate of the BINUCA until Jan. 31.
The overall security situation in the CAR has remained volatile over the last several months. Extreme poverty, violent crime and armed clashes between local rebel groups, as well as attacks by foreign rebel elements, weak government institutions and human rights violations, are some of the many factors that have led to the ongoing instability in the African country.