BEIJING, Sept. 6 (Xinhuanet) -- Regional ethnic autonomy is a fundamental political system under socialism with Chinese characteristics. Tibet is one of China's five provincial-level regions carrying out a system of regional ethnic autonomy.
In the 1950s, Tibet was still a society ruled by feudal serfdom under a theocracy. Having existed for centuries, this system stifled human rights and destroyed human qualities. Serfs suffered cruel political oppression, and had no personal freedom or fundamental rights.
Regional ethnic autonomy came into practice in 1965. And Tibet has achieved historic leaps and bounds in its economic and social develpment.
As part of the Chinese nation, the Tibetan people have the right to participate equally in the management of state affairs; they are thus managers of local social affairs, and masters of their own destiny, creating and sharing the material and spiritual wealth of Tibet.
Everyone in Tibet, who has reached the age of eighteen, has the right to vote and stand for election, regardless of their gender, profession, and nationality. In the general election for the Peoples Congress in Tibet, the voting participation rate reached 94 percent in 2012.
Since 1965, the Tibet Autonomous Region People's Congress and its standing committee have passed 300 local regulations and resolutions, and implemented national laws in ways suited to Tibet. More than 70 percent of the deputies in the congress are Tibetans and other minorities. 25 percent of them are women. The chairmen of the region have all been Tibetans.
Democracy at the grassroots level in Tibet has been boosted. The system of villagers' representatives has been established in more than 95 percent of villages.