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Nanjing Museum captures flow of China's history

English.news.cn   2014-06-06 11:03:28

Visitors to the Nanjing Museum are impressed by its architecture even before they can explore the collections inside. (Anfernee / For China Daily)

By Wang Kaihao

BEIJING, June 6 (Xinhuanet) -- Viewing the stone city gate in a vista of flourishing platanes, nostalgic summertime trips to the Zhongshanmen area in the east of Nanjing never bore me. The road was built in the late 1920s to escort Sun Yat-sen's body to his mausoleum.

The capital city of Jiangsu province, witness to the vicissitudes of many dynasties, always feels solemn.

When I step into the Nanjing Museum, which has quietly rested by the tree-lined road for over 80 years, I deeply regret that I didn't take this extraordinary time-travel experience much earlier.

Like the Forbidden City in Beijing, this museum impresses visitors with its architecture even before anyone explores the treasures indoors.

With heavy wooden beams and columns plus its upturned eaves, the dignified main hall looks ancient. But it was built in 1933, following the architectural style of the Liao Dynasty (916-1125). Facades of the new grand halls opened in 2013 perfectly coordinate with the old one.

First established as China's central museum when Nanjing was the country's capital city, the museum today covers an area of 130,000 square meters. Home of about 420,000 cultural relics, this institution is among the country's largest in terms of number of collections. About 40,000 pieces rotate in public displays.

The museum is like a maze and feels much larger than it looks from outside because half of the exhibitions halls are underground. Wandering around the artifacts of Jiangsu, dating as far back as prehistoric times, the abundance forms a narrative that makes me feel like I am watching an epic movie instead of viewing individual potteries, porcelains or figurines scattered in halls. Some are only broken unrestored pieces.

"This museum is designed to show the connections between cultural relics, which are more important than individual exhibits," museum director Gong Liang says.

Some top-tier exhibits, however, deserve their own room. Eighteen pieces, ranked as highlights of the museum, take turns welcoming visitors. The most delicate among this small club: An exquisite 18th-century vase, made with enameling, painting, ivory sculptures and other techniques, features a revolving inner vessel that recreates a vivid hunting scene of Qing Emperor Qianlong (1711-99). The scenario will move when the inner vessel rolls, a marvel that may have foreshadowed the earliest dioramas.

This piece came from 13,000-odd boxes of cultural relics moved from the Forbidden City in the early 1930s to save them from the looming War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (1937-45). Most were later sent back to Beijing and some were transferred to Taiwan as the cornerstone of the National Palace Museum in Taipei, but more than 2,000 boxes were left in Nanjing. That is why the trio across the Straits, traditionally titled the "big three museums in China" by the public, still share emotional entanglements.

After examining one excellent temporary exhibition after another - old clocks, Buddhist statues and folk art pieces - I decide to explore the underground part. On the way downstairs, I spot many corners installed with the relics' replica with Braille, a thoughtful assistant for visually impaired visitors.

The multimedia hall is my favorite as well as that of children. Children can learn how to restore antiques by playing games on a touch screen, while I can see digital projections of many items which are not on display. A blackboard in the hall provides visitors with space for graffiti. It is a perfect ironical outlet for those who scrawl their names on historical relics.

I am astonished to find a complete community of the 1930's Nanjing that was built underground like a film studio. An old-time trolley, post office and railway station portray the prosperity of China's capital at the time. What surprises me even more is that stores beside the street are not mere settings. Salespeople in long gowns or uniforms of Flying Tigers (voluntary US pilots in China fighting against Japanese invaders during World War II) smile and wave to us, holding souvenirs and showing old books and newspapers published at the time.

Sitting amid the aromas in an old-fashioned cafe, and turning a few pages of the yellowing paper, suddenly, I have a sense that time never passes.

If you go

It takes four hours on a high-speed train to get from Beijing to Nanjing, and one hour and 40 minutes from Shanghai. The Nanjing Museum is by the metro station Minggugong Stop on Line 2.

Entrance is free, but you must present an ID card to get a ticket or claim your online reservation .

Official website: www.njmuseum.com (Chinese and English, but online reservation system is only in Chinese)

Group reservation and information desk: 025-8480-7923.

9 am until noon on Monday (no entrance after 11 am)

9 am-5 pm from Tuesday to Sunday (no entrance after 4 pm).

(Source: chinadaily.com.cn)

Editor: Lu Hui
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