STOCKHOLM, Sept. 27 (Xinhua) -- The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its latest report in Stockholm on Friday, confirming the inconvenient truth that human activities were responsible for climate change and urged governments to take climate action.
According to a press release by the IPCC, the UN-backed panel confirmed climate change was real, was happening at an alarming rate, and that human-activities, mainly the burning of fossil fuels, was causing it.
For the first time, the IPCC gave a global budget for the total amount of carbon pollution which was one trillion tonnes and could not be exceeded.
"Reducing carbon pollution levels quickly and dramatically was vital to stay within that threshold," said Wael Hmaidan, director of Climate Action Network International, Europe's largest coalition working on climate and energy issues.
The coalition said the European Union's (EU) climate ambition had not moved in the past five years and that it should immediately increase its greenhouse gas reduction target to 40 percent by 2020.
It added the EU should also set three strong, binding targets for renewables, energy savings as well as greenhouse gas emission reductions for 2030 and beyond.
Meanwhile, responding to the report of IPCC, six of the world's largest environmental and development non-government organizations made a unified call to governments to act on the findings and introduce strong climate pollution controls to avert the worst of the impacts.
"Climate change is a gigantic and clear risk to the natural world and all of the people who depended on it, threatening coastal cities and communities as well as a third of all animal species and half the world's plant species," said Samantha Smith, leader of the WWF's Global Climate & Energy Initiative.
"We are calling on governments and the financial community to act immediately to stop risky investments in coal, oil and gas, and start investing in our long term future based on sustainable, renewable energy," said Smith.
Sharan Burrow, general secretary of International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), the global voice of the world's working people, argued that governments had a responsibility to tackle global unemployment, precarious work and climate change.
"There are solutions available for governments. Green and decent job promotion in climate-friendly sectors, and building a just transition for sectors in hardship can demonstrate that we don't have to choose between people and the planet," said Burrow.
Asad Rehman, head of International Climate from Friends of the Earth, which campaign for solutions to environmental problems, stated that the call for an immediate ban on new dirty fuel projects, and in support of a clean energy transformation, was already being echoed by communities from every corner of the world.
"The demands for these real solutions would continue to intensify until no government was able to put the interests of dirty energy corporations above that of their citizens and the planet," Rehman added.
Winnie Byanyima, executive director of Oxfam, a confederation of 17 organizations working together to find lasting solutions to poverty and injustice, said that governments must respond to the IPCC report by urgently slashing emissions to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, and financially assisting the poorest countries to cope now and in the future.
He stated the fact confirmed by scientists that to farmers in poor countries, changes to climate were destroying livelihoods, ruining crops, hitting incomes, food quality and often their family's health.
"Communities are already facing loss and damage attributable to climate change - the East Africa and Sahel droughts since 2011, which have caused not only widespread hunger but also disease and refugee crises, are just two terrible examples of a broader phenomenon," said Brandon Wu, senior policy analyst from ActionAid, an international organisation fighting against poverty.
Wu considered the IPCC report as one more piece of evidence that governments must take immediate and urgent action to cut emissions, provide finance for adaptation, and address loss and damage.
Mohamed Adow, senior advisor of Christian Aid, an international development charity, emphasized that it was the rich, carbon-hungry developed nations which had contributed most to the conditions which the world's climate victims now had to live in as for many people in the poorest parts of the world their own experience of living with climate chaos told them that long ago.
"We have a moral duty to act and if we act quickly there is still time to secure a healthy future for our planet," said Adow.
"The report shows us the potential pathway to a very different tomorrow. We can still limit global warming by ramping up renewable energy and making faster and deeper emissions cuts but the longer we wait the more the prospects diminish and the costs increase," commented Stephanie Tunmore, senior climate and energy campaigner of Greenpeace International, an independent global campaigning organisation.
"A bleak and hopeless future is not a foregone conclusion, it's a choice," he added.
The IPCC is a scientific body under the auspices of the United Nations. It reviews and assesses the most recent scientific, technical and socio-economic information produced worldwide relevant to the understanding of climate change.