by Neil Madden
STRASBOURG, May 26 (Xinhua) -- European politicians spent all day Monday digesting the results of the European Parliament (EP) elections, which in the end proved as momentous as that forecast by weeks of opinion polls.
Across the European Union (EU), parties of both the far-right and far-left made sweeping gains at the expense of the traditional parties of centre-right and centre-left.
Perhaps the most stunning result was in France where the outwardly EU-hostile Front National (FN) won 26 percent of the vote, comfortably ahead of the second-placed UMP, and humiliating President Francois Hollande's Socialists who garnered a measly 14 percent, their worst-ever score at a European election.
But almost as amazing was the victory the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) which wants a straight in-out referendum on Britain's membership of the EU. UKIP won 28 percent of the vote, giving it at least 10 additional EP seats. The result was the first time since 1910 that a national election was not won by either the Conservatives or the Labour Party.
Far-right parties also scored big in Denmark, Austria and Hungary, while the far-left Syriza topped the poll in Greece.
Of course, the results do not necessarily reflect considered opinions of voters about either the EP or the EU. Rather, the election was a chance for some voters to give their incumbent national governments a bloody nose. This was largely the case in Britain, where there is widespread dissatisfaction with the governing Conservative/Liberal Democrat coalition, and arguably wholly the case in France where President Hollande has plumbed uncharted depths of mid-term unpopularity.
In addition, voters generally think they are freer to cast a protest vote in the EP Elections as the latter are regarded as not so important or serious as national elections.
For the far-right parties, it would seem that voters were not even particularly attracted by the rhetoric of restoring powers from the European institutions back to national parliaments. Instead the overriding issue was immigration.
But this explosive issue has a huge EU dimension in that it carries the potential to call into question one of the very foundations of the EU single market -- the free movement of labor throughout the EU.
At the opposite end of the political spectrum, support for far-left parties, such as Alexis Tsipras's Syriza, owed their success to the anti-austerity ticket on which they ran.
Nevertheless, the results have obvious implications for the composition of the new EP when MEPs (members of European Parliament) take up their seats in July. In the interim, weeks of deals between the various groupings will take place, with a meeting of the European Council on June 26-27 playing a crucial role in the horse trading over who becomes the next President of the European Commission (EC). Before then, in fact on Tuesday European heads of government will meet informally over dinner to discuss the results.
Projections show the centre-right European People's Party (EPP) will still be the largest single party in the new parliament, probably with 213 MEPs. The centre-left Socialists and Democrats (S&D) group should get 190 MEPs.
Meanwhile a forecast collapse for the liberal ALDE party did not materialize, despite terrible nights for the group's British and German member parties. ALDE remains in third place possibly getting some 66 MEPs, while the Greens should have 54, the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) 46 and the far-left GUE projected to have 42 MEPs.
But, the EPP will not get an outright majority in a simple coalition with ALDE, its previously favored alliance. It would also have to lure the ECR into a wider centre-right coalition if that is the party's chosen direction.
However, as the ground-shaking results were picked over by analysts throughout Monday, attention turned to the prospect of a "grand coalition" between the EPP and S&D. The two will likely hold over 400 seats in the new, 751-member Parliament, comfortably above the absolute majority threshold of 376. An absolute majority is required for confirmation of the next EC President, and for the new college of EC commissioners.
In the EP, unlike many national parliaments, such a fusion would not be out of place. The EPP and S&D are used to working and compromising with each other over complex legislation. Both groups, along with the Liberals and the Greens, are, of course, overwhelmingly pro-EU, and so have common interest in fighting for the European cause in the face of opponents on the far-right and far-left who would dismantle the entire project given the opportunity.