by Fuad Rajeh
SANAA, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) -- Observers in Yemen have hailed a United Nations Security Council resolution, which was adopted Wednesday, as a necessary move to help protect the peaceful transition in the Middle East country.
The UN Security Council on Wednesday unanimously voted for the resolution authorizing sanctions on individuals and parties undermining the peaceful transition process in Yemen.
The resolution, the third by the council on the transition in Yemen so far, authorized freezing assets and travel ban without giving specific names of obstructors of the transition, while affirming continued support for Yemen.
Under the resolution, a sanctions committee for Yemen has been formed to report and decide on transition spoilers.
Observers in Yemen said the resolution was very necessary, especially after Yemenis had accepted and signed the UN-backed Gulf Initiative for power transition.
Faris Al-Sakaf, an advisor to Yemeni President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi and head of the national center for strategic studies, said the resolution came at a time when Yemen is passing through a critical turning point.
"The situation in the country is very complicated. To be clearer, all issues are overlapping and the situation requires good measures to lay the groundwork for a stable state in Yemen," Al-Sakaf said.
"The resolution aims to protect the political process which should pave the way for a prosperous country," he said. "No specific people were named as obstructors, that's very helpful."
The council praised progress on the transition deal while affirming that all transition requirements are yet to be implemented.
It expressed concern over economic, security and human rights challenges the country is still facing, pointing especially to armed conflicts, human rights violations, humanitarian crisis, child recruitment, acts of sabotage and media destructive campaigns.
Nageeb Ghalab, a politics professor at Sanaa University, said Yemen is witnessing complicated conflicts by all groups that affect the transition process.
"Yemen is witnessing a war by all against all, in such a situation no one is immune, and concern grows," said Ghalab.
This month, the International Monetary Fund warned that Yemen will face a difficult fiscal year in 2014.
Meanwhile, the Yemeni government has been struggling to cope with the impacts of repeated acts of sabotage targeting oil, gas and power facilities.
Al-Qaida operations have surged to record levels in decades.
Al-Sakaf, the presidential advisor, said the political reconciliation is the first step to achieve economic and security reforms.
"We should focus on the question about how we should start our road to building a successful country. The answer to this question remains in having a successful political process before anything else," Al-Sakaf said.
Observers and the UN Security Council affirmed putting the situation right requires sincere efforts and commitment from all to having a productive political transition meeting ambitions of all Yemenis.
Ghalab said restructuring the army and the security systems along with building a unified national identity and imposing the rule of law should be given top priority at the moment.
The UN Security Council said it is watching the situation in Yemen closely and that it supports efforts by the government to address economic, financial, security and humanitarian issues.
Al-Sakaf said to meet the requirements for transition, the parties must implement the outcomes of the national dialogue conference, draft a new constitution, hold elections, and facilitate the establishment of a federal state.