BEIJING, Jan. 20 (Xinhua) -- The nuclear talks with Iran were eight years in the making, and now carrying out the first-step deal, reached last November in Geneva, requires no less sincerity and mutual trust than the lengthy yet hopeful negotiation itself.
The ice-breaking deal, requiring that Iran halts the enrichment of uranium beyond 5 percent and dilute the current near-20 percent stockpile beginning Monday, has given Iran and the whole world a long overdue hope of peace and stability -- there's a prevailing cautious optimism in the international community.
For Iran, implementing the deal will drive a wedge into the formidable dam of Western sanctions which have haunted the Islamic country for too long, as the United States and its allies pledged to relax them.
For the Western allies, a more cooperative and denuclearizing Iran would be helpful to rebuild the balance of power in the Middle East, which has tired their diplomatic and military muscles long enough.
It is without doubt that it took rare courage to battle out the historic agreement at the Iran and the P5+1 talks, which group the United States, Britain, France, Russia and China, plus Germany. However, the decades-long mistrust and profound suspiciousness between Iran and the Western countries will not vanish automatically.
Though President Barack Obama had said his government will refrain from imposing new sanctions on Iran, some hawks and hardliners in Congress have called for harsh sanctions if they see any inobservance in the implementation of the deal.
This irrational move and others alike, driven by political interests, is dangerous and harmful, as well as unnecessary, to the fragile and unstable positive momentum of the Iran nuclear talks.
The Western countries should be more patient with Iran, fully recognize its right to the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and let Iran carry out the deal step by step.
Equally, to ease their doubts, Iran should fulfill its obligations and cooperate with concerned parties, so as to lay a profound foundation for further dialogue and negotiations.
Overall, all parties involved should resort to real political wisdom and address the concerns and interests of each side with more sincerity and mutual trust, giving peace a chance.