Background: Air Defense Identification Zones
Special: China establishes its first air defense ID zone
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|East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone (Source: xinhuanet.com)|
by Yoo Seungki
SEOUL, Dec. 5 (Xinhua) -- After holding talks with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, U.S. Vice President Joseph Biden said in Tokyo, the first leg of his week-long trip to East Asia, Tuesday that China and Japan should set up a bilateral "crisis management mechanism" to prevent current tensions from escalating further.
Biden said Washington's priority lied at easing tensions in the region. He fell short of publicly calling for China's immediate withdrawal of its air defense identification zone (ADIZ), which Japan had hoped the visiting U.S. official could mention during the joint press conference.
Discrepancy between Tokyo and Washington was spotted in their responses to the newly-declared ADIZ over the East China Sea.
Japan told its airlines to defy the Chinese demand of notifying flight plants when aircraft, military or commercial, pass through the said airspace. In contrast, the U.S. aviation authorities instructed commercial airliners to file flight plans with the Chinese authorities.
In South Korea, at an early stage of the controversy, the foreign ministry expressed its official regrets over China's ADIZ, but signs were detected in the presidential office Cheong Wa Dae that Seoul may seek to take cautious stance on the ADIZ issue.
According to local media reports, President Park instructed officials to review various options, including expanding its own air defense zone (KADIZ), and her chief security advisor Kim Jang- soo convened an emergency meeting pertaining to the matter on Sunday.
Senior presidential press secretary Lee Jung-hyun told reporters that basic guidelines were discussed during the security meeting, but local reports said that a tentative conclusion was reached on how to enlarge the 60-year-old KADIZ southward.
To finalize its position on the KADIZ expansion, the Seoul government officials were originally scheduled to hold a consultation meeting on Tuesday with the ruling Saenuri Party lawmakers, but the meeting was abruptly delayed amid speculation that Seoul may have sought to monitor Biden's trip to Japan and China before deciding on it.
After holding talks in Beijing with Chinese President Xi Jinping, Biden was slated to arrive in Seoul late Thursday to complete his week-long East Asian tour and meet with President Park, with whom Biden would exchange views over China's ADIZ issue.
Given the so-called "balanced diplomacy" preached by President Park, South Korea was not expected to go so far as to expand its air defense zone without consultations with its neighboring countries, or at least advance notice, as the expansion may cause backlashes from China as well as the United States that were seeking to prevent tensions in the region from escalating further.
As the White House said in a statement, Biden's trip to Japan, China and South Korea was intended to reassure its strong commitment to "rebalancing U.S. foreign policy towards the Asia- Pacific," not delivering its official protest to Beijing.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang said last Friday that the newly-established ADIZ will not cause regional tension.
"China's ADIZ over the East China Sea is not aimed at any specific country nor target. It's absolutely a measure designated to exercise the right of defense effectively," Qin told a regular press briefing, adding that if some worry has emerged about the situation, it's agitated by some individual countries.
The United States has supported Japan's pursuit of collective self-defense right, which caused strong backlashes from China and South Korea as it was reminiscent of Japan's militaristic past, but Washington seemed to have no intention to damage its bilateral ties with Beijing, betting both on Beijing and Tokyo to maintain its presence in the region.
Seoul and Tokyo have been at odds over historical perception. South Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se said in late November that ties between the two countries strained due mainly to Japanese leaderships' unrepentant attitude toward its militaristic past, noting that one who tied a knot should untie it.
South Korean President Park Geun-hye has harshly denounced the Japanese leadership for no repentance over its atrocities under the colonial rule from 1910 to 1945, refusing to hold summit talks until now with Abe since her inauguration in February this year.
Chinese VP meets with Biden
BEIJING, Dec. 4 (Xinhua) -- Chinese Vice President Li Yuanchao met with his U.S. counterpart Joe Biden in Beijing on Wednesday, pledging to enhance high-level strategic communication and avoid conflict and confrontation.
During the meeting, Li said Chinese PresidentXi Jinpingand U.S. President Barrack Obama reached important consensus on the building of a new model of major-country relations in June.Full story
Defense Ministry spokesman on China's air defense identification zone
BEIJING, Dec. 3 (Xinhua) -- Following is a statement made by Geng Yansheng, spokesman for the Ministry of National Defense, on China's establishment of the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ):Full story
China's ADIZ to improve identification: FM spokesman
BEIJING, Dec. 3 (Xinhua) -- The purpose of China's Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) is to improve the country's capacity to identify aircraft and avoid any misjudgment, a Foreign Ministry spokesman said on Tuesday.
Hong Lei made the comments at a regular press briefing when asked to provide further explanation on the newly established zone.Full story
Air force patrols of China's ADIZ legitimate: spokesman
BEIJING, Nov. 29 (Xinhua) -- Planes from thePeople's Liberation Army(PLA) Air Force have the right to patrol in China's East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) in light of the need of air defense, said a Foreign Ministry spokesman on Friday.
Qin Gang made the remarks at a regular press briefing when asked to explain the purpose of the PLA Air Force's patrol in the ADIZ on Thursday.Full story
BEIJING, Nov. 29 (Xinhua) -- China's newly-established Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) will not cause regional tension, Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang said on Friday.
"China's ADIZ over the East China Sea is not aimed at any specific country nor target. It's absolutely a measure designated to exercise the right of defense effectively," Qin told a regular press briefing.Full story
Commentary: U.S. should act as honest broker
BEIJING, Nov. 27 (Xinhua) -- Pentagon officials said Tuesday that two U.S. B-52 bombers have flown over the area of theDiaoyu Islands, which is included in China's newly established Air Defense Identification Zone in the East China Sea.
In response, a Chinese Defense Ministry spokesman said the Chinese military monitored the entire flight course of the U.S. aircraft, which flew along the eastern border of the air zone, some 200 km east of the Diaoyu Islands.Full story
China monitors U.S. bombers in defense zone
BEIJING, Nov. 27 (Xinhua) -- China's defense ministry spokesman Geng Yansheng on Wednesday said the country has observed U.S. B-52 bombers flying in the newly established air defense identification zone over East China Sea.
Geng said the U.S. aircraft flew south and north along the eastern border of the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone from 11:00 a.m. to 1:22 p.m. Tuesday, about 200 km to the east of the Diaoyu Islands.Full story
China refutes Australia's remarks over air defense identification zone
BEIJING, Nov. 27 (Xinhua) -- China on Wednesday refuted the Australian Foreign Minister's remarks over its newly established Air Defense Identification Zone in the East China Sea.
"China has lodged solemn representations against Australia's remarks, and expressed its strong dissatisfaction," Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang said.Full story