by Fuad Rajeh
Sanaa, Aug. 10 (Xinhua) -- The recent al-Qaida threats, which have triggered the closure of foreign embassies, add to alarming security problems in Yemen and could overshadow the country's reconciliation efforts, said analysts.
As part of the political process, Yemen's national dialogue conference has born little result so far, and is unlikely to produce solutions to the country's security woes.
"Violent groups, including the al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and those participating in the dialogue, are taking advantage of the situation," said Fuad al-Salahi, professor of political sociology at Sanaa University. "These groups are now fuelling conflicts to achieve political gains."
According to al-Salahi, Yemen needs a competent government and effective efforts by President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi to improve security situation, but so far the army is divided despite Hadi's restructuring efforts, and armed political groups are still fighting with each other outside the national dialogue.
With recent escalation of violence, "this is an indicator that security deterioration will continue in years to come," said al- Salahi.
Abdulsalam Muhammed, head of ABAAD center for strategic studies, said some political factions had joined the dialogue without giving up weapons, adding that "such groups don't depend on the dialogue, but on violence, to achieve their goals."
As a result, "violence and persistent insecurity will affect the political transition," said Muhammed.
Muhammed noted that some armed political groups loyal to the former regime are "apparently" coordinating with other militant groups, such as the Shiite Houthi group and AQAP, to create chaos.
Saeed Ubaid al-Jemhi, an expert specialized in terrorism, considered the disagreements among political factions on key issues during the national dialogue as a "sign" that the country was unable to improve security situation by itself, urging more " regional and international support" to the Yemeni government.
Yemen is suffering from increasing targeted killings of police, army chiefs and politicians, persistent acts of sabotage against energy and electricity facilities, road closures, robbery and continuous domination of armed groups on the ground.
Earlier this month, the United States and Britain -- key sponsors of the political transition in Yemen -- and other countries closed their embassies in Yemen's capital Sanaa, after obtaining information that al-Qaida had planned to attack Western targets in Yemen and other Middle East countries.
According to analysts, the Yemen-based AQAP is just continuing the war on its foes, without specific times or limits.
Al-Jemhi noted that the AQAP's recent threats came at a time when the U.S. drones were continuing strikes against AQAP members.
"Maybe AQAP is retaliating for heavy losses from (U.S.) drone strikes and Yemeni-U.S. military coordination," al-Jemhi said.
A few days ago, Rajeh Badi, spokesperson of the Yemeni premier, said the authorities had thwarted an al-Qaida plan to attack and seize energy projects in the south.