SUVA, Dec. 15 (Xinhua) -- Fiji has recorded a number of dengue fever cases and the Ministry of Health is urging the public to ensure precautionary measures are taken to prevent the tropical disease, the Ministry of Information said Sunday.
The dengue cases were reported in hospitals in the South Pacific island country's western and central divisions.
According to the Ministry of Health, while there are various ways to prevent dengue fever, the most common include maintaining clean and hygienic surroundings, which includes keeping the grass trimmed and discarding all water retaining receptacles and tyres that are in and around the house, capable of collecting water.
Also, people should ensure good drainage of water on the roof guttering of the house and also for any pools of water within the residential compound or nearby.
Once an individual contracts dengue, the person manifests symptoms of the disease four to ten days later. The typical symptoms of dengue fever include fever (sudden onset), intense headache (especially behind the eyes), muscle and joint pains, flushed skin or rashes on the arms and legs, and perhaps minor bleeding of the gums and/or nose. To address this, those infected should visit the nearest health facilities.
According to the Ministry of Health, dengue fever is caused by the dengue virus of which there are four types, and the dengue virus is spread from dengue infected individuals by the black-and- white striped female Aedes aegypti mosquito.
The dengue transmitting Aedes mosquito breeds in plastic receptacles and tyres that are usually found in and around homes.