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Backgrounder: Holocaust Memorial Days Worldwide

English.news.cn   2014-02-28 13:59:01

BEIJING, Feb. 28 (Xinhua) -- China's top legislature on Thursday approved two new national days, one to mark victory in the anti-Japanese war and the other to commemorate Nanjing Massacre victims and all those killed during Japanese aggression against China.

Sept. 3 is ratified as "Victory Day of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression" and Dec. 13 the "National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims," according to two decisions passed by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC).

Besides China, some international organizations and other countries have also established national memorial days for victims of holocaust.

In 2005, The United Nations adopted Resolution 60/7 during the 42nd plenary session and designated Jan. 27 as International Holocaust Remembrance Day, the day when Auschwitz death camp was liberated in 1945.

This is the first time that the international organization made a remembrance of victims of the holocaust as a way to prevent future genocides.

The UN holds a solemn ceremony each year at the UN General Assembly Hall to pay tribute to the 6 million Jews and countless others massacred in the Nazi Holocaust each year.

Many countries also observed the day of Jan. 27 as International Holocaust Remembrance Day, including Germany, Britain, Russia, France, Italy and Scandinavian countries, which holds memorial events annually to commemorate the victims.

Britain established Holocaust Memorial Day as a national commemoration day since 2001.

Government leaders, Holocaust survivors and war veterans gather at Auschwitz on Jan. 27 every year, where they repeat stories of Nazi's genocide of 6 million Jews and countless others, and honor the wisdom, courage and sense of justice that people once extended to prevent that horror.

Besides paying tribute to the holocaust victims on Jan. 27, Israel and many jewish communities in other countries observe the "Yom HaShoah Ve-Hagevurah", or the "Day of (remembrance of) the Holocaust and the Heroism" each year on the 27th day in the month of Nisan in the Jewish calendar, which is in April or May.

In 1978, the United States Congress established the Day of Remembrance as the nation's annual commemoration of the Holocaust, which lasts for eight years beginning from Sunday before the Jewish observance of Yom HaShoah.

Romania also sets Oct. 9 as the National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust.

Editor: Yamei Wang
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