JINAN, Aug. 27 (Xinhua) -- The People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy on Wednesday held a memorial ceremony for the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 on a ship anchored in a Weihai port in east China's Shandong Province.
A two-day seminar was scheduled for Wednesday and Thursday on the PLA Navy ship to commemorate the 120th anniversary of the war, also known as the Jiawu War, by the Navy and the PLA Academy of Military Sciences.
"The war interrupted China's development course, aggravated the nation's woes, and aroused people's awareness," according to Senior Colonel Xing Guangmei, the Navy's spokeswoman, on Tuesday in Weihai.
"Mourning the Chinese navy soldiers killed in the war and deep reflection on the painful historical lesson are of great significance to building and developing the PLA Navy," Xing said, adding that it is especially important in light of the complicated marine security situation
On July 25, 1894, Japanese warships attacked two Chinese vessels off the Korean port of Asan. At the time, Korea was a tributary of the Qing Empire (1644-1911). By March 1895, the Chinese land army and navy were beaten, the first time China had lost to Japan in military conflict.
The Shimonoseki Treaty, signed to conclude the war, ceded the Liaodong Peninsula in northeast China, Taiwan and the nearby Penghu Islands to Japan.