BEIJING, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) -- The international community has hailed China's decision to designate two national memorial days for the victory over Japan in World War II and for victims of the 1937 Nanjing Massacre, also known as "the Rape of Nanjing".
The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on Thursday approved Sept. 3 as Victory Day of Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, and Dec. 13 as the National Memorial Day for victims of the Nanjing Massacre.
The Philippines-based World News newspaper commented on Wednesday that China's decision to set up war memorial days has great realistic and historical significance.
Asahi Shimbun, a major Japanese newspaper, said Wednesday that the move means that China is determined to condemn Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe internationally for his historical views.
Volkmar Harnisch, chairman of the Association of Victims of the Nazi Regime in Germany, said China's decision to establish memorial days is a "right thing and honorable."
"Through China's liberation fight, China and Japan found their end, therefore there should be a memorial day for that," said the 87-year-old.
Peter Schoenlein, former mayor of Nuremberg in Germany, fully agreed with China's move, saying that it could enable more people to remember innocent victims of war.
He said Germans have pledged not to go to war again. However, some countries, including Japan, tended to resort to force to solve disputes, he said, adding that it shows a dangerous signal that militarism has revived in Japan.
Stefan Geiger, executive chairman of the China-Germany Economic and Cultural Association of Bavaria, said it is important to set up the two memorial days, otherwise younger generations might not remember the history.
He said Abe's visit to the notorious Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo, which honors Class-A war criminals of World War II, has severely hurt the feelings of the Chinese people, and that Germans who know about history would never support Abe's actions.
Marceli Burdelski, a professor from the University of Gdansk in Poland, said China's designation of memorial days would help people remember history and educate young generations.
The professor added that people with a sense of justice around the world would never forget the history and the bloodshed.
President of the Polish-Chinese Friendship Association Zdzislaw Goralczyk, also former Polish ambassador to China, said the memorial days would remind people of history and help cherish and safeguard peace.
Fang Yan, a New York-based political commentator, said China's decision to designate memorial days shows that Beijing will never allow Tokyo to distort, subvert and fabricate history.
Yu Maifeng, chairman of the China-Indonesia Forum and a cultural scholar, said setting up the memorial days is very necessary.
It would help the world know the truth, especially against the background of Abe's visit to the war-linked Yasukuni Shrine and denial of "the Rape of Nanjing" by an official, Yu added.
Hu Yuncai, professor at Technical University of Munich, said Chinese people made huge sacrifice for the world's anti-fascist war, adding that "the legislation is of special significance to carry forward China's national love for peace and to remind people all over the world of the holocaust committed by Japanese militarists."
The Chinese move will also serve as a model for other Asian nations and the international community as a whole, Hu said.
Zhao Bingchi, chairman of the Association for Promoting the Unification of the Chinese in Ottawa, said the timing of the legislation is wise when the Japanese right-wing forces are trying to deny and gloss over past crimes.
"The memorial days can act as a reminder for the Chinese to remember history and never allow such atrocities to happen again," he said.
Chan Cheng, president of the Promotion of China Reunification Society in Britain, said: "Setting the memorial days is the most effective way to reveal the atrocities of the Japanese invaders."
Li Xiaodong, a Chinese from Nanjing who has lived in Poland for many years, endorsed the legislation whole-heartedly, saying that "it is very necessary to set the memorial day for the dead when Japanese militarism is reviving. The legislation would enable people to understand and remember history and better cherish the peaceful life today."
Yang Yingpeng, an overseas Chinese living in Bangladesh, said the establishment of the memorial days would promote the spirit of patriotism and inspire people to fight for the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Yu Chao, another overseas Chinese living in Bangladesh, said: "I agree with the plan very much. Every Chinese should bear in mind the national humiliation, and never forget how hard-earned our stable and harmonious life is."
Chinese in Australia convened in Sydney on Wednesday to voice support for China's plan to set national memorial days.
Seventy-seven years ago, Japanese aggressor troops captured Nanjing, then China's capital, and started 40-odd days of slaughter from December 13, 1937. More than 300,000 people were murdered without graves. In the first month following the Japanese capture, over 20,000 women were raped in Nanjing City alone.
The Chinese people embraced their victory over Japan on September 3, 1945 after suffering more than 35 million casualties.
China's war of resistance against Japanese aggression was an important part of the World Anti-Fascist War. For a long time, the Chinese contained the main forces of Japanese militarism in the Asia-Pacific region,annihilating more than 1.5 million Japanese troops.
China Voice: Memorial days tell Japan: Never forget history
BEIJING, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) -- A nation, whether China or Japan, cannot fully understand itself or find its position in the world unless it levels a steady gaze on the glories and disgraces of its past.
China has set two memorial days to mark victory in the anti-Japanese war and mourn Nanjing Massacre victims. They will remember the horror of a crime, commemorate our heroic forefathers, speak of China's responsibility for a peaceful world, and serve as a reminder that the flag of justice shall never fall into the shadow of militarism. Full story
China urges Japanese introspection after national days' ratification
BEIJING, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) -- A Foreign Ministry leader on Thursday urged Japan's leaders to reflect honestly on Japanese aggression following China's designation of two national days to mark victory in the anti-Japanese war and to commemorate victims of the Nanjing Massacre.
Following the approval of the two national days by China's top legislature, a statement quoted an unnamed official as saying, "The approval... has great historical significance and is a necessity in the current circumstances." Full story
China ratifies national days on anti-Japanese war victory, Nanjing Massacre
BEIJING, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) -- China's top legislature on Thursday approved two new national days, one to mark victory in the anti-Japanese war and the other to commemorate Nanjing Massacre victims and all those killed during Japanese aggression against China.
September 3 is ratified as "Victory Day of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression" and December 13 the "National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims," according to two decisions passed by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC), whose bi-monthly session ended on Thursday. Full story