BEIJING, Dec. 23 (Xinhua) -- A bi-monthly session of China's top legislature opened on Monday with bills on administrative procedure, reeducation through labor and the one-child policy on the table.
Zhang Dejiang, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC), presided over the opening meeting of the session, which runs from Monday through Saturday.
A draft amendment to the Administrative Procedure Law was submitted to the session, the changes since the law went into effect in October 1990.
The bill is expected to make it easier for citizens to take the government to court, tackling issues in filing a case, hearings and enforcement of verdicts favoring citizens.
The State Council, China's cabinet, sponsored two bills: one to abolish the "laojiao" program of reeducation through labor, and another to adjust the family planning policy.
Two State Council regulations on reeducation through labor, one adopted in 1957 and a supplement approved in 1979, are to be scrapped. The bill holds that constant improvement to the legal system has made laojiao superfluous to the nations current legal setup.
Once laojiao is abolished, relevant laws, judicial interpretations and documents will be adjusted accordingly. The State Council will organize departments to administer the annulment of the system, including setting free those still in labor camps, reassigning police in charge of laojiao and changing the function of locations to other purposes.
The family planning bill seeks to allow couples to have a second child if one parent is an only child.
The State Council argued the need to adjust the family planning policy in the face of a steadily declining birth rate and changing demographic structure.
It suggested that provincial people's congresses and their standing committees amend local family planning regulations or adopt special measures after careful evaluation of local demographic situations and risks of policy changes.
Lawmakers also started to review bills on amending the law on protection of military facilities, as well as revising seven laws to streamline business administration.
Reports on the implementation of laws on administrative reconsideration and compulsory education were also tabled for review.
China deliberates adjusting one-child policy
BEIJING, Dec. 23 (Xinhua) -- A bill submitted to China's top legislature for deliberation aims to allow couples to have two children if either parent is an only child.
The State Council, China's cabinet, submitted the bill on adjusting and improving the family planning policy to the bi-monthly session of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC), which runs from Monday through Saturday. Full story
China mulls abolition of reeducation through labor
BEIJING, Dec. 23 (Xinhua) -- The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) began reading a motion on abolition of the reeducation through labor system (laojiao) on Monday.
The State Council's decision on reeducation through labor was approved by the top legislature in 1957, establishing the "laojiao" system. Supplementary regulations were approved in 1979. Full story
China to amend laws for admin procedure cuts
BEIJING, Dec. 23 (Xinhua) -- China's top legislature has started review of a motion to streamline business administration through changes to seven laws, exempting more items from central government approval.
Tabled by the State Council, China's Cabinet, the bill involves amendments of laws concerning administration of pharmaceuticals, customs procedures, fisheries, marine environment protection, metrology and the tobacco monopoly. Full story