BEIJING, Aug. 21 (Xinhua) -- Donor organs must be distributed automatically through a national system, according to the latest government rule set to take effect on Sept. 1.
The new rule aims to prevent human intervention and ensure fairness and transparency in organ distribution in China.
The Regulation on the Procurement and Distribution of Donated Human Organs was publicized by the National Health and Family Planning Commission on Wednesday.
The rule says that "no institution, organization or individual may distribute donated human organs without going through the system."
Organs shall be obtained by organ procurement organizations authorized by provincial health authorities, and distribution of the organs must be done through the China Organ Transplant Response System (www.cot.org.cn).
China has the world's second-largest demand for organ transplants. About 300,000 patients suffer from organ failure each year, but only around 10,000 organ transplant operations are performed annually due to a lack of donors.
China introduced an organ donation system in 2010, with the non-governmental Red Cross Society serving as an independent third party for supervising and facilitating donation procedures.
As of Aug. 9, a total of 2,742 organs had been donated via the system, according to the National Health and Family Planning Commission.