Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi (R) holds talks with Lakhdar Brahimi, the joint special representative of the United Nations and the Arab League for Syria, in Beijing, capital of China, Oct. 31, 2012. (Xinhua/Wang Ye)
BEIJING, Oct. 31 (Xinhua) -- Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi on Wednesday elaborated China's new four-point proposal on a political resolution to the Syrian conflict, urging all parties in Syria to cease fire and violence and begin political transition at an early date.
Yang made the proposal during his talks with UN-Arab League Joint Special Envoy Lakhdar Brahimi, who is visiting China for the first time since replacing former UN chief Kofi Annan as the international mediator on Syria on Sept. 1.
To facilitate the political settlement of the Syrian issue, China proposes the following:
First, relevant parties in Syria should make every effort to stop fighting and violence, and cooperate actively with the mediation efforts of Brahimi. Relevant parties should implement effective steps toward a cease-fire, for example region by region or phase by phase, expand the areas of cease-fire, realize disengagement, and eventually bring an end to all armed conflict and violence.
Second, relevant parties in Syria should appoint empowered interlocutors as soon as possible so that, assisted by Brahimi and the international community, they can formulate through consultations a roadmap of political transition, establish a transitional governing body of broad representation, and implement political transition so as to end the Syrian crisis at an early date. To ensure a safe, stable and calm transition, the continuity and effectiveness of Syria's governmental institutions must be maintained.
Third, the international community should work with greater urgency and responsibility to fully cooperate with and support Brahimi's mediation efforts and make real progress in implementing the communique of the Geneva foreign ministers' meeting of the Action Group for Syria, Mr. Annan's six-point plan and relevant Security Council resolutions. The positive efforts of the Arab League and countries in the region in search of a political settlement should be valued.
Fourth, relevant parties should take concrete steps to ease the humanitarian crisis in Syria. The international community should increase humanitarian assistance to the Syrian people and ensure proper resettlement of refugees beyond the Syrian border and timely aid for those in need within Syria. The Syrian government and various parties should render full cooperation to the work of the United Nations and relevant neutral institutions to provide humanitarian assistance in all conflict-affected regions and ensure the safety of their personnel. At the same time, humanitarian issues should not be politicized and humanitarian assistance should not be militarized.
The situation in Syria is at a crucial stage, and is important to the fundamental interests of the Syrian people as well as peace and stability in the Middle East, Yang said, adding, "A political settlement is the only viable solution in Syria."
The future of the Middle Eastern country should be determined by the Syrian people themselves, and its sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity should be respected and preserved, according to Yang.
He called on relevant parties in Syria to take seriously and respond positively to the consensus reached by the international community on a peaceful settlement of the issue, launch inclusive political dialogue at an early date, and decide on the political system and development path of their country through equal, patient and extensive negotiations and consultations.
China has worked with the international community for a "just, peaceful and proper" resolution on Syria by upholding the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and the basic norms governing international relations as well as peace and stability in the Middle East and the fundamental interests of the Syrian People, Yang said.
China has always supported the diplomatic mediation efforts of Brahimi and former envoy Kofi Annan, and is willing to work with the international community to make continuous efforts in this regard, Yang said.
Brahimi introduced the latest developments in Syria and his recent mediation efforts, especially his visit to the country itself and related nations. He said political resolution is the only feasible approach to the complicated and sensitive situation in Syria and all parties involved should cease fire and violence so as to create conditions for a political resolution.
Brahimi thanked China for its firm support for his mediation. He also expressed appreciation for Chinese efforts toward a political resolution in Syria, as well as his hope that China will continue to play a positive and constructive role in this regard.
DAMASCUS, Oct. 29 (Xinhua) -- Bombings and clashes marked the last day of the tattered cease-fire in Syria on Monday, further challenging the international envoy Lakhdar Brahimi, the godfather of the truce deal in the unrest-ravaged country.
At least 11 people were killed and scores of others wounded on Monday, when a car bomb blasted in the Jaramana suburb of the capital Damascus, the state-media said. Full story
BEIJING, Oct. 30 (Xinhuanet) -- Much to the regret of the international community, hopes for a holiday cease-fire in Syria were dashed from the very beginning. The inability of the two sides to honor the cease-fire lays bare the lack of mutual trust between the belligerent parties in the Middle East country and the difficulty in brokering even temporary peace.
Calm should have reigned in Syria during the four-day Muslim holiday Eid al-Adha, or the Feast of Sacrifice, which started on Friday and ended on Monday. Last week both the Syrian government and the majority of the opposition armed forces had agreed to the holiday cease-fire proposed by UN-Arab League special representative Lakhdar Brahimi. Full story