A coal storage base in Jiujiang, Jiangxi province. Wu Yin, deputy director of the National Energy Administration, said on Thursday that China's coal industry will reach a production capacity of 4.1 billion tons by the end of 2015, but total output will be kept within 3.9 billion tons. (Source: China Daily)
By Du Juan
BEIJING, March. 23 (Xinhuanet) -- China's coal production will stay below 3.9 billion metric tons by the end of 2015 if it can keep its annual economic growth rate at 7 percent on average through that year.
At the same time, the government plans to encourage companies to explore resources abroad to ensure the country has a sound energy supply during the 12th Five-Year-Plan period (2011-15), senior officials said on Thursday.
China's coal industry is expected to be capable of producing 4.1 billion tons of coal by the end of 2015. Plans, though, call for keeping the output within 3.9 billion tons to control energy use and reduce carbon emissions, said Wu Yin, deputy director of the National Energy Administration.
He said China will form 10 large coal companies that are capable of producing 100 million tons of coal a year and another 10 companies that are capable of producing 50 million tons a year. These 20 companies will be responsible for 60 percent of the country's output of coal.
"China will continue to promote mergers and acquisitions in the coal industry," Wu said. "We will work to develop large coal companies and shut down small coal mines to eliminate outdated operations.
"In fact, the growth in the demand for coal is beginning to slow down," said Dai Bing, senior analyst at coal.com.cn, a coal-trading website. "Some industries, such as the steel and cement industries, are shrinking, which will lead to a slower growth rate for coal demand."
And more coal substitutes will be produced, which will add more renewable energy to the country's energy sources. Dai said the government is likely to meet its goal of controlling coal output during the current Five-Year-Plan period.
He also said it is possible the country will be able to produce more than 4.1 billion tons of coal by the end of 2015.
"The main reason is that the mergers and acquisitions in the industry will help form larger coal producers that own bigger production operations," he said. "The increasing capacity to produce coal will help the country establish an emergency storage system for coal, a goal also listed in the plan."
Fang Junshi, director general of the energy administration's coal industry department, said China will move quickly to establish such a storage system in places near rivers and the sea.
He said the first part of the system will include a reserve containing 5 million tons of coal and the second will be developed in Southwest China.
The government is meanwhile encouraging domestic companies to go overseas to invest in and explore resources.
"We imported 10 million tons of coal from Russia in 2011 and we have coal trading and mining in Australia, Mongolia, Indonesia and other countries," Wu said. "Meanwhile, the companies will work during production on improving local economies and protecting local environments."
(Source: China Daily)
China targets annual coal production capacity of 4.1 bln tonnes by 2015
BEIJING, March 22 (Xinhua) -- China aims to boost its coal production capacity to 4.1 billion tonnes annually by 2015, the National Energy Administration (NEA) said on Thursday.
The country plans to form 10 coal companies with an annual capacity of 100 million tonnes each, and another 10 with a capacity of 50 million tonnes each by 2015, according to a coal industry development plan for the 2011-2015 period released by the NEA. Full story
Beijing strives to be coal-free
BEIJING, March 4 (Xinhua) -- Authorities in Beijing said Sunday that the city will replace all coal-fired equipment in its core areas by 2013, as the Chinese capital strives to curb pollution stemming from its dominant energy source.
The city will cap its annual coal consumption at 15 million tonnes by 2015, setting a stricter goal compared with the previous one of 20 tonnes for the same time frame, according to Beijing's development and reform commission, the city's top economic planner. Full story