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Profile: Zhang Dejiang: "Power should not be aloof from public supervision"
                 English.news.cn | 2013-03-17 14:48:48 | Editor: Tang Danlu

Profile: Zhang Dejiang: "Power should not be aloof from public supervision"

BEIJING, March 16 (Xinhua) -- More than a hundred days after becoming a member of the top decision-making body of the ruling Communist Party of China (CPC), Zhang Dejiang was elected as China's top legislator on Thursday to lead the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC), the institution at the apex of state power in China.

As the ninth chairman of the NPC Standing Committee since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, 66-year-old Zhang faces many heavy responsibilities as China increasingly emphasizes reliance on the rule of law to govern the country in the new era.

LEGAL PROMOTER

Reliance on the rule of law in governing the country is the CPC's basic policy in leading the people to rule the country.

Zhang perceives the rule of law as the fruit of the progress of human civilization and the fundamental guarantee of a harmonious and healthy society and a prosperous and strong country.

The NPC is sovereign in China as it is authorized by the Constitution to elect the country's top leadership, enact laws and supervise the State Council, the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate. The NPC Standing Committee serves as its executive body when the NPC is not in session.

Since he was elected as a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee in November last year, Zhang has reiterated several times the importance of stepping up the construction of the national democratic legal system and channeling every type of work through the legal system.

One of his major concerns is legislation in the field of the environment.

During a panel discussion on March 4 during the recently concluded annual session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) National Committee, the top political advisory body, Zhang acknowledged the necessity of environmental legislation.

"The heavy smog that shrouded north China including Beijing for several days has further heightened public concern about environmental protection," Zhang said.

Zhang recalled that he could drink directly from a brook when he got thirsty while working as an "educated youth" in rural areas more than 40 years ago. "I'm afraid no one dares to drink directly from it now."

Zhang was sent to Luozigou Commune in Wangqing County in Jilin Province in 1968 to work as an "educated youth" -- a term referring to young intellectuals dispatched to the countryside from cities to learn from farmers during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976).

Zhang held the post of chairman of the Standing Committee of the Jilin Provincial People's Congress, the provincial legislative body, while serving as Jilin's Party chief from 1995 to 1998. In this role, he attached great importance to legislative work.

In fact, he undertook much exploration to improve legislative work in his jurisdiction while serving in several provincial-level regions.

"(We) should always take enhancing and safeguarding the fundamental interests of the broadest mass of the people as both the starting point and goal of legislation," Zhang said in 2005 when he served as Party secretary of Guangdong, a booming economic province in south China.

He stressed the need to follow the mass line and adhere to a democratic, open and scientific legislative process while gradually expanding citizens' orderly participation in legislative work.

When he served as Party chief of southwest China's Chongqing Municipality, a post he held between March and November last year, Zhang reiterated the importance of cultivating a legal environment.

"Everyone is equal before the law and it is absolutely impermissible for any organization or individual to stand above the law," he said, calling for efforts to "resolutely prevent and oppose the practice of taking a person's words or power as a substitute for the law and intervening in individual cases."

He called for "enhanced awareness and capability to govern and serve the society through law and solve problems and settle disputes through legal means."

Noncommunist party members constitute an important part of the NPC Standing Committee.

When attending events held by noncommunist parties recently, Zhang expressed his hope that they would research and offer suggestions on topics including social management and governance by law since many of their members are specialists in the social and legal fields.

“绝不可把权力游离于人民的监督和制约之外”--记中国全国人大常委会委员长张德江

新华网北京3月16日电 担任中共中央政治局常委100多天后,66岁的张德江3月14日当选十二届全国人大常委会委员长,执掌中国最高国家权力机关,履行13亿人民赋予的神圣权力。

在更加注重依法治国的新形势下,作为新中国第九位全国人大常委会委员长,张德江使命艰巨,任重道远。

推动立法 彰显法治

依法治国是中国共产党领导人民治理国家的基本方略。在张德江看来,法治是人类文明进步的结果,是社会和谐安康、国家繁荣富强的根本保障。

全国人大常委会即全国人民代表大会常务委员会,是中国最高国家权力机关——全国人民代表大会的常设机关。近年来,全国人大从中国国情和实际出发,以中国特色社会主义法律体系如期形成为标志,社会主义民主法制建设和人民代表大会制度建设取得了重要进展。

当选中共中央政治局常委后,张德江多次强调,加强国家民主法制建设,把各项事业纳入法制轨道。

环境领域的立法,是张德江的一个关注点。3月4日,张德江在新一届全国政协民革、台盟、台联界别委员联组讨论会上,仔细听取了委员们关于“推进生态文明法治化,建设美丽中国”等法制建设方面的发言。

张德江充分肯定了环境立法的必要性:“尤其是北京地区、包括整个华北地区连续多天出现严重的雾霾天气,使环保问题进一步引起了全社会的高度关注。”

他还回忆起往事:“我在农村插队的时候,在地里干活儿渴了,就到小河沟,把水噗噜、噗噜就喝。现在,恐怕没有人敢直接喝了。”

张德江提及的在农村插队,是他40多年前在吉林省的知青岁月。1968年,张德江从吉林省长春市到延边朝鲜族自治州汪清县罗子沟公社插队,属于被称为“老三届”的知识青年。

他在担任中共吉林省委书记后,还兼任了省人大常委会主任,高度重视人大工作。

实际上,张德江在多个地方任职期间,都曾对立法等法制工作进行了诸多探索。

2005年,张德江便在广东表达了关于立法的观点:“始终把发展好维护好最广大人民群众的根本利益作为立法的出发点和归宿。”

他强调,要走群众路线,坚持立法的民主化、公开化、科学化,逐步扩大公民对立法工作的有序参与。

2012年3月兼任重庆市委书记后,张德江则不止一次强调了法制环境的重要性:“坚持法律面前人人平等,决不允许任何组织和个人凌驾于法律之上”,“坚决防止和反对以言代法、以权代法、干预具体案件”……

“要增强依法管理和服务社会的意识和能力,增强运用法律手段解决问题和化解矛盾的意识和能力。”他说。

中国各民主党派是全国人大常委会组成人员中的重要方面。张德江近期在几次出席民主党派的相关活动时,真诚希望他们带领广大成员,发挥社会和法制领域人才优势,围绕加强和创新社会管理、全面推进依法治国等经济社会发展中的重要问题深入考察调研。

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