CAIRO, Aug. 13 (Xinhua) -- Egypt's interim leadership on Tuesday has sworn in new governors, more than half with a military background, for the country's all but two governorates amid divided responses from various groups and citizens.
Analysts said it might improve the security situation and boost the political process.
The reshuffle includes 18 new governors, of whom 11 with military or police background, six will maintain in their positions and one moves from Red Sea governorate to Alexandria.
There are in all 27 governorates in Egypt. Galal al-Saeed has been appointed as new governor of capital Cairo.
The leadership did not introduce new chiefs to the governorates of Red Sea and Minufiya.
The governor's post has been vacant in Minufiya since residents protested against the appointment of a Muslim Brotherhood (MB) member as governor on June 16 by the now ousted Islamist President Mohamed Morsi.
The reshuffle might be understood by the public in such a deteriorating security situation, experts said.
"Of course such choice may raise speculations and fears about the military increased influence in the country, however, given the current crisis situation in Egypt, many political powers are ready to reluctantly accept the new appointments," Yousri el-Azabawi, a political expert at the Ahram Center for Political and Strategic studies, told Xinhua.
Azabawi added the new governors, just like the government itself, will be interim, saying that the nature of the political transition phase may be the reason that the choices seem vague.
"But what is clear about it, is that it aims at the first place to bring stability and security," he added.
But Huda Raghib Awad, political studies professor at the American University in Cairo (AUC), said that security reasons are no longer enough to choose governors.
"We don't know anything about those new governors or what they can do for their governorates," she said, adding that the choices of governors should be based on other criteria such as their knowledge of the needs of their governorates.
"What we see now is just reproducing of old regimes when governors were picked with no clear reasons or agenda," she said.
Grassroots movement Tamarod declared their dissatisfaction with most of the choices, but accepted the new reshuffle and described it as a step in the transition roadmap.
"They are not the best choices, but after all we have to push the transition phase forward in such difficult time, our country is living in," semi official Ahram newspaper quoted Tamarod founding member Mohamed Abdel Aziz as saying.
The Islamist parties, who were excluded from the new reshuffle, see it as an illegitimate move.
"We reject all that comes from this coup," MB spokesman Ahmed Sobei told Xihnua.
Sobei added that those new choices of the governors are one evidence that what has happened in Egypt was coup. "Now the military is going to control every thing in the country again," he said.
On Tuesday a number of Muslim Brotherhood supporters approached Ministries of Education, Agriculture, Manpower and Health. Their marches also caused a traffic jam and closed several roads in Cairo.
After mass protests for his ouster, Morsi was ousted by the military on July 3 and the MB and their allies have since been decrying the move as a coup and protesting for his reinstatement.
The new governors reshuffle came at a time while the interim government is in the process of taking steps to disperse vigils that the MB has staged in different parts of the capital. Many Egyptians are worried about the consequences of such a step.
A previous governors reshuffle took place in June a few weeks before the protests that led to Morsi's ouster. The choices of 11 Muslim Brotherhood members as governors in several governorates sparked anger among citizens. Some of those governors weren't even able to enter their offices as protestors prevented them.
Since January 2011, many activists talked about a new mechanism to choose governors and some suggested electing them.
But Gamal Salama, head of the Political Science Department at Suez University, said that electing governors is not possible now.
"We need to reach stability first and have more democratic practice before reaching such option."
Salama thinks that the choice of the new governors is not different from that of the ex-regime's choices that always trusted military personalities and took them as the only people capable of doing such jobs.
"But what is different now is that ordinary people also have the same believes," he said.
CAIRO, Aug. 12 (Xinhua) -- Egypt's ousted President Mohamed Morsi is due to spend 15 more days in custody over charges of conspiring with Hamas, state-run Al-Ahram Online reported Monday.
According to the report, the investigating judge, assigned by the Justice Ministry, ordered Monday to extend Morsi's detention for another 15 days pending investigations on spying for Hamas, the Palestinian offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood, from which Morsi hails. Full story