Education   2012-04-05 14:36:48            

Education in Africa began as a tool to prepare the local youth to take their place in their respective societies and not necessarily for life outside of Africa.

In some areas, the pre-European colonialism schooling system consisted of groups of older people teaching aspects and rituals that would help them in adulthood. In other areas, education in early African societies included such things as artistic performances, ceremonies, games, festivals, dancing, singing and drawing. Boys and girls were taught separately to help prepare each sex for their adult roles.

Every member of the community had a hand in contributing to the educational upbringing of the child. The high point of the education experience in certain societies in Africa was the ritual passage ceremony from childhood to adulthood. 

According to UNESCO's Regional overview on sub-Saharan Africa, in 2000, 52% of children were enrolled in primary schools, the lowest enrollment rate of any region.

UNESCO also reported marked gender inequalities: In most parts of Africa there is much higher enrollment by boys; in some there are more girls, due to sons having to stay home and tend to the family farm. Africa has more than 40 million children, almost half the school-age child population, receiving no schooling. Two-thirds of these are girls.

(Source: Agencies)

Editor: Mo Hong'e
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