By Xinhua writers Wang Aihua and Cheng Zhiliang
BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- Serious discussions regarding the rise of China and tomorrow's world are needed now, as China and the United States will soon elect their leaders for the years to come.
The U.S. presidential election is scheduled for Nov. 6, just two days before the convening of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), during which a new generation of top leaders will assume their positions. This is indeed a delicate time, not just for the world's two biggest economies, but for the world at large.
The third round of U.S. presidential debates, scheduled for Oct. 22, will focus on discussing China under the theme "The Rise of China and Tomorrow's World," which further shows the importance of the topic.
With China on a fast and steady track to economic prosperity, world powers are busy re-drafting their strategies. For example, the U.S. has shifted its focus from traditional regions of strategic concern, such as the Middle East, to the Asia Pacific region.
Concerns may be inevitable, but there is no need whatsoever to contain China.
Tomorrow's world, with China as a rising power, will in fact enjoy better equilibrium.
CHINA'S RISE AN OPPORTUNITY, NOT THREAT
Policies toward China have dominated the U.S. presidential election, with Republican candidate Mitt Romney constantly bashing China as a "currency manipulator" and President Barack Obama as not being tough enough on China. Obama has also flexed his muscles against China.
Romney previously stated that if he wins the election, he will implement tougher policies, such as levying higher taxes on China-made products and aligning with China's neighbors in Asia to counter its rising power.
U.S. allies have already taken steps. Since early September, Japan and China have been engaged in a bitter territorial row over the Diaoyu Islands. The Philippines has been equally restless in vying for Chinese islands in the South China Sea.
However, a rising China is more of an opportunity for the world than a threat.
Despite some ideological differences with the West, China has increasingly integrated itself into the international system by accepting its rules and practices rather than trying to build a new one, and is now interacting positively for global peace and stability.
China has joined most of the world's international governmental organizations, playing a meaningful role in various areas.
For major global and regional issues like the Six-Party Talks on the Korean Peninsula nuclear program and the Iran nuclear issue, the country has always pursued peaceful solutions through dialogue instead of turning to confrontation or resorting to force.
It has been proven that China's development not only benefits its own population of 1.3 billion people, but also people around the world.
In past decades, China has actively shouldered its international responsibilities and strived to push for common development among countries. For example, China adopted a series of major policies to fight the global financial crisis, together with the international community, as well as promote the robust, sustainable and balanced growth of the world economy.
China has also actively promoted the establishment of more equal and balanced global partnerships, stepped up South-North dialogues and South-South cooperation and expanded aid to other countries.
Official figures show that in the decade after China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001, the country provided a total of more than 170 billion yuan (27.2 billion U.S. dollars) in foreign aid and exempted 30 billion yuan in mature debt for 50 heavily indebted and underdeveloped countries.
It has also promised to grant zero-tariff treatment to 97 percent of products imported from underdeveloped countries that have established diplomatic relations with China, as well as trained over 60,000 people from 173 developing countries and 13 international organizations.