BEIJING, Aug. 2 (Xinhua) -- China's energy
consumption to produce a unit of gross domestic product (GDP) dropped 3.35
percent year on year in the first half, the National Development and Reform
Commission (NDRC) said in a statement Sunday.
The decrease compared with 2.88 percent in the first
half of last year.
The commission also said it expected the country's
sulfur dioxide emissions to fall 5 percent in the first half, and that the
measurement of chemical oxygen demand (COD) to be down 2 percent.
China launched a nationwide campaign to improve
energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse emissions in 2006. It vowed to reduce
energy consumption for every 10,000 yuan (1,470.6 U.S. dollars) of GDP by 20
percent and major pollutant emissions by 10 percent by 2010 from the 2005
Analysts said slower growth in industrial output, as
result of a slowing economy, helped lower the energy intensity. Energy
consumption of the industrial sector accounts for more than 70 percent of the
China's economic growth has slowed amid the global
downturn, but it expanded by 7.9 percent in the second quarter after sinking to
6.1 percent in the first quarter.
The falling energy intensity is attributed to
improved industrial structure, according to the NDRC statement. It said about a
third of energy conserved in the first half was a result of a change in
The proportion of the tertiary industry in GDP was up
0.5 percentage points while that of secondary industry down 0.8 percentage
Continued investment in energy conservation and
environmental protection, despite a fall in fiscal revenue, also played a role.
China has earmarked 22.4 billion yuan from the
central budget for exclusive use in energy conservation and environmental
protection since the end of last year.
The government also continued to make efforts to curb
energy-consuming sectors. It closed small coal-fuelled power plants with a total
generating capacity of 54.07 million kilowatts from 2006 to the end of June this
The increase in output of energy-intensive industries
declined 10.3 percentage points from a year earlier, according to the NDRC.
Energy intensity in large industries fell, with the
steel industry down 8.43 percent, the coal industry 3.83 percent, nonferrous
metals 19.59 percent and power production 9.51 percent.