Beijing, July 29 (Xinhuanet) -- In summer, thousands of cargo ships are busy loading and unloading in front of Chaotianmen Square Dock, where the Yangtze meets the Jialing, a scene of thriving business.
For 2008, an enviable record of 14.3% GDP growth in Chongqing was announced, and now, we proudly present the delightful "summer fruit": A 12.6% growth of GDP in Chongqing from January to June, and an estimated 14% increase of GDP for the year.
"Though many difficulties still
remain, generally speaking, Chongqing's economy has seen itself pull through a
mild winter and a warm spring, and has come to the height of summer." Mr. Yang
Qingyu, Director-General of the Development and Reform Commission, said in a
confident and steadfast tone.¡¡
It is the character of the
Chongqing people to seek light from darkness and to endeavor against all odds.
The land of Chongqing cultivated the unyieldingness and doughtiness of 32
million sons and daughters of Chongqing.
"Chongqing is a city standing
straight on its feet!" These heroic and ambitious words are from Bo Xilai,
Member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of CPC and Secretary of
CPC Chongqing Committee.
Precautious yet decisive when
necessary£¬Chongqing is better off while many others have been brought low.
Amidst the winter chills of 2008, a
financial storm swept the whole globe. Chongqing, despite its more insulated
location in China and lower level of dependence on export, was no safe haven and
could not escape from being affected as a long-standing heavy-industrial city.
Industrial giants such as Chongqing Iron
and Steel Group and Chongqing Machinery and Electronics Group, both state-owned
with more than 10 billion yuan of yearly sales revenue, have seen their
operating revenue and profits plunge. Motorcycle export nose-dived to 93,000 per
month by February this year, the lowest single-month sales since February of
2006. "The first quarter of this year has been most difficult for Chongqing's
industrial and economic development over the past ten years."said Mr. Wu Bing,
Director-General of Chongqing Economic and Information Technology Commission.
However, shortly after the Spring
Festival, the speed of fall in the added value of Chongqing's large-scale
enterprises was curbed, and growth returned in the following months. In January,
the figure decreased by 3.7% compared with the same period of last year (yoy),
and increased by 6% year on year in February, followed by 8.8% growth in March,
11.2% in April, 12.3% in May, and 13.7% in June.
The quick rebound of Chongqing's
economy has benefited from the great care and macro guidance of the CPC Central
Committee and the State Council.
On 31th of December 2008, an
executive meeting of the State Council was held to discuss and deploy measures
to spur coordinated urban and rural reform and development in Chongqing. Soon
afterwards, the General Office of the State Council issued "Opinions of the
State Council on Accelerating the Urban-Rural Reform and Development of
Chongqing". The document has made 13 important plans for Chongqing, such as an
important modern manufacturing base, the financial centre on the upper reaches
of the Yangtze, a comprehensive transportation hub, inland export commodities
processing base and a pilot opening region; a huge boost for Chongqing's morale.
In the eyes of Huang Qifan, Standing
Member of CPC Chongqing Committee and Executive vice-Mayor, macro economic
policies such as the 4 trillion yuan stimulus package and ten major industrial
adjustment and revitalization plans have worked exceptionally well, and each of
the measures fuels China's economy. Chongqing has benefited from each of the
measures. So far, more than 7 billion yuan of the national investment has been
put in Chongqing, which is met by new investment worth 50 billion yuan from
other sectors. 8 out of the outlined ten major revitalization industries can be
found in Chongqing, another piece of good news.
The rapid rebound of economy is also
attributed to Chongqing's good precautions before-crisis and vigorous response
In March of 2008, Chongqing issued
seven measures to stimulate economic growth after an experience-learning trip to
the coastal areas of Guangdong, Shanghai and Zhejiang. In September, five
policies against economic decline were introduced. In November, the "Three-year
Warm Winter Campaign", an investment plan worth 1.5 trillion yuan, was unveiled.
In December, in compliance with the deployment of the CPC Central Committee,
twelve special measures to stimulate economic growth were integrated, and then
The string of measures to maintain
economic growth and promote development is like a heart-warming story of how the
government and the businesses are defying the cold winter by holding tight to
"The financial storm has really
dealt a heavy blow to many enterprises in our industrial park and they are
feeling lost." said Wu Daofan, Vice-Secretary of Dadukou District CPC Committee,
Director-General of Jianqiao Industrial Park administrative committee, when he
described the impact of the financial crisis as most severe to the park since
its establishment six years ago.
In the face of crisis, Dadukou District
has decided to spend 1 billion yuan within three years on corporate
restructuring and technology update in the park. The timely measures to resist
the crisis have not only provided a cushion for the enterprises, but also
spurred a new round of business startups. From January to April this year, fixed
asset investment in Jianqiao Industrial Park amounted to 1.01 billion yuan, a
96.6% yoy increase.
"4 trillion yuan stimulus package,
ten major industrial adjustment and revitalization plans, tax cuts for
smaller-engine cars, subsidies for rural sales of motorcycles ..." Mr. Yin
Mingshan, President of Lifan Group was making his account of the substantive
growth-promoting policies by national and local governments in his office on the
eleventh floor of Lifan Headquarter Building in Chongqing. "The next is up to
us! Lifan Group will work to ensure 8% growth in sales this year and strive to
Opportunities in crisis: New
Opportunities for Industrial Transformation and Upgrading.
Tangjiatuo, by the Yangtze, is
expecting the sky to clear up after the rain. On the slipway of Dongfeng
Shipyard of Chongqing, the biggest in southwest China, four 5500-ton asphalt
tankers and one 5700-ton chemical tanker were being busily welded. They will hit
the water in a little more than one month's time.
Avoiding direct competition with the
main shipyards and reinforcing niche-market exploration of special-type ships
have won Dongfeng Shipyard a solid foothold even against the international
financial crisis. "Special-type ships refer to oil ships, chemical ships, and
ocean engineering ships, which usually have relatively small tonnage but high
added value. Compared with ordinary bulk cargo carriers and container carriers,
special-type ships suffer less from market fluctuations." General manager of
Dongfeng Shipyard Mr. He Xiyun said, "The financial crisis has given us an
opportunity: our enterprises are just in time to adjust the product structure,
and firmly head for the orientation of high added value and high technology ship
The international financial crisis
has also prompted Chana Automobile to quicken its pace on the adjustment of
product structure. On 2nd of June, construction of a new Chana mini-car and
engine base with 2.5 billion yuan investment was begun in Yuzui Industrial Park
in Chongqing Eastern New city. The new base for Chana mini-car production will
lay emphasis on energy-saving and new energy cars. And it will fully utilize
solar energy and water recycling to conduct production. After the completion of
the two-phase project, it will become the largest manufacturing base of mini
cars and power trains with a production capacity of 600 thousand cars and 2
million engines. "Crisis means both challenges and opportunities. For Chana
Auto, this is an opportunity to develop mini cars and small-engine cars." Said
Xu Liuping, President of Chana Group.
Just as the giants in equipment
manufacturing, automobile and motorcycle industry are making active
transformations and adjustments, their counterparts in electronic information
industry are also starting to speed up their development in Chongqing.
Last December, the construction of
the HP PC Production Base, which takes up 60,000 square km, was begun in
Chongqing Xiyong Micro-electronics Industrial Park. It is estimated that 4
million laptops can be produced after the base becomes operational in 2010£¬which
will bring a supporting industry cluster worth 50 billion yuan. So far, 5 HP
programs including the Chongqing branch of the Global Software Service Centre,
the Global Testing Centre, the Global Call Centre, the Resource Sharing Network
Platform of the University Town and the PC Production Base, have been
established in Chongqing ever since the first. "HP will continue investing in
Chongqing and will spare no efforts to help Chongqing grow into a ¡®Silicon
Valley in West China'," said Todd, Senior Executive Vice President of HP.
Driven by relevant industries of HP,
the electronic information industry of Chongqing is expected to become a new
pillar industry following automobile and motorcycle. Statistics show a fast
growth of the electronic information industry this year, its sales revenue being
expected to jump to 80 billion yuan from 60 billion last year.
The industrial transformation and
upgrading do not take place only in the real economy.
On Jan 1 this year, Chongqing
Opening-up Promotion Ordinance--the first local statute aiming at facilitating
opening up to the rest of the world¡ªwas officially promulgated. It is for the
very first time that opening-up has been confirmed in a legislative form in this
western inland city, for which the purpose is to turn it into an "inland opening
On June 2, the construction of
China's first inland bonded port area¡ªChongqing Lianglu Cuntan Bonded Port Area
was started. It will become operational within this year. "This is like pulling
the Yangtze River's access to the sea several thousand km back to the western
hinterland--Chongqing ." Said Ma Zhongyuan, Chief of Chongqing Customs.
In Chinese, the character "chong" is
made of the word "qianli", meaning a thousand miles; the character "qing"is the
combination of the two words "guang" and "da", which refer to vastness.
Therefore "Chongqing" signifies generous tolerance and acceptance. Party
Secretary Bo Xilai once said, "Opening up is the ultimate solution as well as
the biggest engine for Chongqing. Chongqing people have to make scientific
judgments and be brave to pioneer in opening up. "
The people's livelihood must gain
more priority when there are greater difficulties. The "Five Chongqing" program
highlights a new spectrum of this issue.
The declining economy and increasing
unemployment, the millions of returned migrant workers, more than 100,000
graduating university students, the newly-added urban and rural labor and the
transfer and settlement of new immigrants have composed a complicated picture.
It has become extraordinarily difficult to improve people's lives.
The investment to boost domestic
demand should help improve people's livelihood as the first goal. Wang Hongju,
mayor of Chongqing, has made an earnest promise in the report on government work
at the beginning of this year, that improving people's lives will be highlighted
this year in the efforts of expanding domestic demand; that 150 government-led
key construction projects will be started within the year, each benefiting
Employment is at the core of
people's livelihood. Chongqing municipal government has decided to inject 1
billion yuan to guarantee employment, of which 600 million will be used for
keeping and creating jobs, 200 million to help university and vocational school
graduates find jobs, and the rest 200 million for returned migrant workers. SOEs
of large and medium size in Chongqing have announced that they will employ no
less than 13,000 university graduates this year, doubling the number of last
year, so as to ensure the year-end employment rate of university graduates will
not be under 85%.
It is only by ensuring people's
lives can we facilitate development, and vice versa. This dialectical relation
has been internalized in Chongqing people's way of thinking. With only over 60
billion yuan budgetary fiscal revenue, Chongqing has paid several "big bills" in
one breath this year: ever since July 1, 3.2 billion yuan has been given to
320,000 teachers in forms of allowance and subsidies to ensure that the average
salary level of teachers in compulsory education is not lower than that of local
civil servants; 1.5 billion yuan has been used as subsidies for 250,000 staff
members in public service units including rural health posts; several billion
yuan has been used for the medical insurance of more than 400,000 workers who
were made redundant but not included in the medical insurance scheme.
Chongqing has set higher goals on
this issue. That is, within 4 years from 2008, one trillion yuan is planned to
be invested in the building of Chongqing into a green Chongqing, transport
Chongqing, safe Chongqing, a healthy Chongqing and a livable Chongqing.
Bo Xilai said that all aspects of
the significant "Five Chongqing" program are targeting in improving people's
lives and guiding people into a moderately prosperous society, which prove to be
a successful response to the campaign of the profound study and practice of the
scientific outlook on development.
A "green Chongqing" implies improved
environment where people enjoy more fresh air; a "transport Chongqing" means
better traffic conditions, such as no traffic jams in main districts of
Chongqing and asphalt roads in every village; a "safe Chongqing" refers to
reinforced sense of security of the people; a "healthy Chongqing" is where the
young grow strong, the old live long and all citizens keep healthy; a "livable
Chongqing"signifies strenuous efforts to improve people's living conditions and
environment. Once the five goals are achieved, Chongqing people's quality of
life will be greatly enhanced, and the face of Chongqing, both in urban and
rural areas, will be greatly improved.
For a "green Chongqing", another 15
million mu (10,000 square km) of forests will be increased in the future, so
that the forest coverage will reach 45%, and the per capita green area can reach
12 square meters.
Health Chongqing: The physical
education lesson will be extended from two to four per week in middle schools
and universities. Public exercise facilities will be more available in one
thousand communities within four years' time. The average sports ground for each
individual will reach 0.8 square meters. And the sample qualification rate of
the national physical conditions will reach 87%.
"Safe Chongqing": Death rate in work
safety accidents will be reduced to 2.5%, the index of security among the public
remains at 90% and above.
"Transport Chongqing": Realization
of "half an hour to reach anywhere in Chongqing urban centre", "four hours to
urban Chongqing from the districts and counties", "eight hours from the
neighboring provinces to Chongqing" will turn Chongqing into a comprehensive
transportation hub in Southwest China.
"Livable Chongqing": We are to
remove and rebuild dilapidated houses covering 12 million square meters within
three years' time and to relocate 460 thousand people, enlarging the per capital
living floor space by 50%. We are to construct 204 thousand low-rent apartments
in three years' time with a floor space of 10.2 million square meters, and to
realize comprehensive coverage on low-income families whose per capital living
space is less than six square meters. 180 million yuan will be invested annually
to encourage the construction of new houses in the rural areas collectively and
to transform dilapidated houses. 120 thousand new houses in the rural areas will
be built in Chongqing by 2012.
Life in Chongqing has been poetic
because people here sleep listening to the breeze on the river. In the near
future, life will be happier and more harmonious thanks to the "Five Chongqing"
Walking in the streets and lanes of
Chongqing, what greets your eyes is often the evergreen "city tree"¡ª¡ªHuangjue
Tree (ficus virens). Huangjue Trees have strong trunks and thick leaves. It
survives in harsh conditions such as droughts and barren soil because it has
aerial roots and adapts quickly to the environment¡ª¡ª a feature shared by the
people of this land.
Chongqing people have never been
lacking in courage and staunchness when challenged by difficulties. As long as
there is still a dream in our heart and a road under our feet, we will try every
way possible to make our dream come true!
The GDP of the municipality scored a 12.6% increase from January
to June, and a record 14% growth is expected for the whole year.
The Opening-Up policy has been confirmed in legislative form for
the first time in Chongqing.
The electronic information industry has been developing fast, and
its sales revenue is expected to grow from 60 billion yuan seen last year to 80
billion yuan this year.
We plan to invest 1 trillion yuan to achieve the target of a
green Chongqing, a transport Chongqing, a safe Chongqing, a healthy and livable
Chongqing within 4 years.