UNITED NATIONS, May 8 (Xinhua) -- The UN Security Council on Friday adopted a presidential statement to condemn the renewed military incursions in eastern Chad "coming from outside."
"The Security Council condemns the renewed military incursions in eastern Chad of Chadian armed groups, coming from outside," said the statement read out by Russian Ambassador to UN Vitaly Churkin, who holds the Council's rotating presidency for May.
"The Security Council stresses that any attempt at the destabilization of Chad by force is unacceptable," the statement said. "It reiterates its commitment to the sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity and political independence of Chad."
Fighting between government troops and armed rebels in eastern Chad intensified just days after Chad and its neighbor Sudan signed an agreement in Doha, capital of Qatar, on Sunday in which they agreed to end tension and reject any support for rebel groups hostile to either of them.
In the presidential statement, the Security Council "demands rebel armed groups ease violence immediately and calls on all parties to reengage in dialogue in the framework" of the agreement signed in Sirte, Libya on Oct. 25, 2007.
The Security Council called on Sudan and Chad to "respect and fully implement their mutual commitments," urging the two neighboring countries to "cooperate to put an end to cross-border activities of armed groups and strengthen actions to combat illicit arms trafficking in the region, including through the establishment of an effective joint border monitoring."
The Security Council also voiced deep concern at the direct threat the activity of armed groups posed for the safety of the civilian population and the conduct of humanitarian operations.
Earlier on Friday, at an open meeting of the 15-nation Council, UN assistant secretary-general in charge of UN peacekeeping operations Dimitri Titov called on the governments of Sudan and Chad to abide by their Doha Agreement.
"It is essential that both governments act upon the Doha agreement and past commitments to prevent further rebel incursions from either side of the border," Titov told the Council.
The meeting came after Chadian UN Ambassador Ahmad Allam-mi wrote a letter to the Security Council, urging an end to "Sudan's repeated acts of aggression," an accusation denied by the Sudanese government.
Allam-mi told the Security Council that he genuinely hoped the Doha agreement would have normalized relations between the two countries, "but alas, the government of Chad must bitterly admit that the Khartoum regime has not changed its strategy" and by signing the accord has acted with "deviousness."
Calling Allam-mi's appeal to the Council "a crocodile kiss," Sudanese Ambassador to the UN Abdalmahmood Mohamad repeatedly denied that Sudan was behind the recent attacks and blamed Chad's "lack of political will" for the violence.
"What is happening in Chad, Sudan has nothing to do with," Mohamad said. "Chad has its own chronic problems. Sudan has enough problems and doesn't get anything out of interfering with Chadian internal affairs."
The relations between the two neighboring African countries have been in tension due to the conflict in Darfur and a civil war in Chad, which both governments accuse the other of supporting. They resumed diplomatic ties in November after a six-month breakup.
The Darfur conflict has left hundreds of thousands of people dead since it began in February 2003. Some 250,000 people fled into neighboring Chad for refuge.
The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reported on Friday that despite the ongoing clashes between armed groups in eastern Chad, aid operations are continuing for 250,000 Darfur refugees, 18,000 Central African Republic refugees, and 166,000 Chadian Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and their host families.
The UN in Chad has called on all parties to respect international humanitarian law and specifically to ensure protection of civilians, particularly women and children. It has also urged that humanitarian space be respected to allow aid to continue to reach those in greatest need.