BEIJING, April 21 (Xinhua) -- Lu Chuan said he
originally only planed to wade through a river, but he ended up struggling in an
"I had underestimated the capacity and sensitivity of
that part of history," Lu said, a day before his movie, City of Life and Death,
was to be screened nationwide in China.
The movie, which has took him nearly four years and
cost 11 million U.S. dollars to produce, is about the Nanjing massacre of
Chinese civilians by the Imperial Japanese Army nearly 72 years ago.
To produce a movie on the subject, which remains a
heartrending memory to many Chinese and a stumbling block in China-Japan
relations, challenged the director's wisdom, let alone the fact that a dozen of
movies with similar themes had already been made.
"All I wanted, in the beginning, was to shoot a movie
telling the world how Chinese people resisted the invaders. I didn't expect it
could be so difficult," said 38-year-old Lu, who had four-year college education
in a Nanjing-based military academy before entering the movie industry.
The Nanjing massacre is seen by most Chinese as one
of the darkest chapters in history, during which the Japanese army slaughtered
nearly 300,000 Chinese civilians and disarmed soldiers following the occupation
of Nanjing, then capital of the Republic of China, in December 1937.
The topic remains a sore point in China-Japan
relations. Many Chinese believed that Japan has not fully recognized and
sincerely apologized for its war atrocities, while some Japanese historians and
government officials frequently claimed that the massacre has been exaggerated
or even fabricated for the purposes of political propaganda.
Lu said the idea of the movie came after he completed
"Kekexili" in 2004. Lu's second movie, which was about people risking their
lives to save endangered Tibetan antelopes from poachers, won wide acclaim from
critics and proved to be a box office hit in China.
"Chinese people were frequently portrayed as weak and helpless victims in the massacre. It's not totally true. There was resistance. That part of history was more or less left out," he said.