NPC, CPPCC Annual Sessions
BEIJING,March 5 (xinhua) -- The development of
democracy and the legal system should be strengthened in China, said Chinese
Premier Wen Jiabao.
"We will carry out political restructuring in an
active yet prudent manner and develop socialist democratic politics," Wen said
in his government report delivered to the annual session of the Chinese
"We need to improve democratic institutions, enrich
the forms of democracy, expand its channels, and carry out democratic elections,
decision-making, administration and oversight in accordance with the law, " he
Wen said that the country will improve the mechanisms
of self-governance by the people at the community level and expand the scope of
community-level self-governance, improve the system for community-level
democratic administration and ensure that the people directly exercise their
democratic rights and administer community-level public affairs and public
programs in accordance with the law.
He urged to promote the values of socialist
democracy, the rule of law, freedom, equality, equity and justice.
Turning 60 years old, the People's Republic of China
is moving step by step to further political reform and promote democracy in a
typical Chinese way.
At the 17th CPC National Congress in 2007, Chinese
President HuJintao vowed in a political report to "deepen political
restructuring", which is widely regarded as a signal to push the process forward
while many people doubted that the country's political reform had lagged behind
Chinese leaders have acknowledged in various
occasions, however, the reform should go in a "correct political orientation"
and under the leadership of the CPC. That is, China will not embrace
Western-style democracy although it is open to any tested experience buttressing
This prudence has been endorsed by the National
People's Congress (NPC), the legislature. Deputies to the annual session of the
NPC said the CPC's leadership, people's participation in political affairs as
the country's masters and the rule of law are three footstones for "socialist
"Our political reform is not the one desired by some
Western politicians, but a kind of self-improvement and self-development of
socialism with Chinese characteristics," Li Zhaoxing, spokesman for the annual
session of the NPC, told a press conference.
Yu Keping, deputy chief of the Central Compilation
and Translation Bureau, praised democracy as "the least defective" among all
political institutions created and adopted by human beings.
"Comparatively, democracy is the best one in the
human history, Yu said in a well-known article queerly titled "Democracy Is A
However, timing of pushing democracy and
institutional arrangements must be carefully chosen, said Yu, who were visiting
professor to both Duke University, the United States and Free University of
"It requires wisdom of both politicians and common
people to gain the biggest benefit from democracy at the lowest political and
social costs," Yu said.