BEIJING, Feb. 17 (Xinhua) -- China's basic medical insurance system covers
more than 1 billion of the country's 1.3 billion population, a report issued by
the Ministry of Health said Monday.
The rural cooperative medical insurance system, launched in 2003 to offer
basic health care to rural residents, covered 814 million, or 91.5 percent of
its target population as of the end of last September, up 12.1 percent and 5.3
percentage points from the previous year's figures, the report said.
Rural medical cooperatives have expanded by 278 from the 2007 figure to
2,729 counties, county-level cities and city districts.
The government expanded the fund pool by doubling its share in 2008.
Under the original scheme, a participant paid 10 yuan (about 1.46 U.S.
dollars) a year, while the state, provincial, municipal and county governments
supplied another 40 yuan to the fund.
At present, the fund pool has been raised to 100 yuan, with a split of 20
yuan from the participant and 80 yuan from the governments.
When rural residents fall seriously ill, the pooled funds cover part of
their medical costs. Coverage varies by illness and actual expenses.
A total of 71 billion yuan was pooled by the fund in the first nine months
last year, compared with only 42.8 billion yuan in 2007.
The fund paid out about 42.91 billion yuan over the first nine months in
reimbursements, benefiting 370 million people, the ministry's figures showed.
China's soaring medical fees and low medical insurance coverage has
prompted the government to set up a nationwide safety net of minimal medical
insurance, which currently includes the rural medical scheme, the basic medical
insurance for urban employees, and the unemployed, as well as medical aid for
the poor in both rural and urban areas.
As of 2007, the basic medical insurance for urban employees covered 180
million people nationwide, the report said.
It noted the basic medical insurance for urban residents in general, which
mainly targets unemployed urban residents, had been carried out on a trial basis
in 79 cities, covering 42.91 million people by the end of 2007. As another 229
cities adopted the practice in 2008, the number of peopled covered by such
insurance also grew significantly.
The government spent 1.83 billion yuan in medical aid to 4.47 million
urbanites and 3.26 billion yuan to 48.69 million rural citizens with financial
difficulties in the first three quarters of last year, according to the report.
The State Council, or Cabinet, promised earlier this year the country would
increase the basic medical insurance coverage of rural and urban population to
at least 90 percent by 2011. Each person covered by the system would receive an
annual subsidy of 120 yuan from 2010.