BRUSSELS, Jan. 26 (Xinhua) -- NATO Secretary-general Jaap de Hoop Scheffer said on Monday that all Afghanistan's neighbors, including Iran, must be engaged if the West wants to succeed in Afghanistan.
"To my mind, we need a discussion that brings in all the relevant regional players: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, China, Russia, and yes, Iran. We need a pragmatic approach to solve this very real challenge," he told a seminar of the Security and Defense Agenda, a Brussels-based think-tank.
He said a more regional approach must be pursued. "We need to stop looking at Afghanistan as if it were an island. Afghanistan's problems cannot be solved by or within Afghanistan alone, because they are not Afghanistan's problems alone," he said.
De Hoop Scheffer argued that there is a regional network of extremists, including the Taliban and al Qaida and many others, and that there is a transnational narcotics problem as well.
But he admitted that he does not know how exactly the West would engage Iran. "I'm not sure at this stage what form that would take," he said, but stressed that the notion itself is already something.
Iran is an important neighbor of Afghanistan and has great influence on Afghanistan both culturally and economically. But regional heavyweights such as Iran, India and China have not been much engaged.
De Hoop Scheffer again asked European NATO allies to step up their contributions to Afghanistan to match U.S. pledges to send in more troops.
He asked the European allies to come up with either more forces, or at least civilian assistance. "For the political balance and for the sustainability of this mission, this has to be a true team effort," he said.
He also called for overcoming the compartmentalization of international efforts in Afghanistan. "Our international efforts are still too much of a patchwork, militarily, politically and in terms of development assistance. We need to bring these walls down."
NATO is leading a 55,000-strong International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan. But the troops are not enough to curb the increasingly bold insurgency.