China extends rural reform and development in new Party document
www.chinaview.cn 2008-10-19 22:20:10   Print

Chronology of the CPC's decision on rural reform, development 

Farmers are allowed to "lease their contracted farmland or transfer their land use right".
The CPC has also pledged to balance urban and rural development.
The document also underscored food safety and the modernization of rural finances.

    BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee issued a landmark policy document on Sunday as a guideline to further rural reform and development.

    LIBERALIZING FARMLAND USE

    One of the biggest moves was to allow farmers to "lease their contracted farmland or transfer their land use right" to boost the scale of operation for farm production and provide funds for them to start new businesses.

    "This breakthrough is necessary," said Xu Xianglin, an economics department professor at the Party School of the Central Committee of the CPC. "It meets the need of industrialization and urbanization in the current stage."

    According to the full text of the document, markets for the lease of contracted farmland and transfer of farmland usage rights shall be set up and improved to allow farmers to sub-contract, lease, exchange and swap their land-use rights, or joined share-holding entities with their farmland.

    Such transfers of land-use rights must be voluntarily participation by farmers, with adequate payment and in accordance with the law, the CPC Central Committee said.

    In the past, however, farmland was collectively owned and meted out to farmers in long term leasing contracts.

    Some experts said the new policy on land use could help absorb capital to the countryside so as to speed up modernization in agriculture, and accelerate the process of urbanization with more farmers going to seek jobs in cities.

    PUSHING RURAL-URBAN INTEGRATION

    While anti-corruption has always been the focus of the central government's work, the CPC has also pledged to balance urban and rural development and push the integration process of these areas.

    Comprehensive planning would be conducted in fields including industrial development, infrastructure construction, public service as well as employment, with the needs of both rural and urban areas taken into account.

    According to the new document, the government would endeavor to optimize industrial structure in rural areas, foster enterprises owned by villages and townships and channel capital and talent to the countryside.

    The government would also help build the human resources market to help farmers go to cities for work, and migrants to start their careers in villages. It vowed to enhance safeguarding the rights of migrant workers, ensuring them the same wages and benefits in term of their children's education, public health and housing as citizens.

    Li Chenggui, a research fellow with the Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, was supportive.

    He said the Ministry of Agriculture statistics showed that in China there were currently about 126 million migrant workers away from their hometown and that most were having difficulty becoming residents of cities.

    Migrant workers are always called a "vulnerable group" in facing wage arrears, a lack of social security and facing prejudice, among others. They are also blamed, usually unfairly, for causing social problems.

    "We couldn't have their farmland-use rights effectively transferred if they don't become (urban) residents," Li said.

    BETTER LIFE FOR FARMERS

    Apart from these measures, the document also underscored food safety, the establishment of a modern agricultural industrial system and the modernization of rural finances as well as security systems.

    "There is an old saying in China, 'food is as essential as the heaven for people,'" said Ke Bingsheng, the China Agricultural University president who previously worked for the Ministry of Agriculture.

    "That's why so much importance was attached to issues involving agriculture, farmers and rural areas," he said.

    In the past, the CPC Central Committee plenary sessions always stressed agricultural issues, the milestone being the third plenary session of the 11th CPC Central Committee in 1978 that put forward the policy of reform and opening up.

    China currently boasts 950 million registered farmers, with 750million living in the countryside. But the income gap between this majority and urban residents has kept widening over the years.

    In 2007, the income of urban citizens was more than three times that of farmers, historically, the biggest gap.

    In March, the central government allocated 562.5 billion yuan (82.2 billion U.S. dollars) as a budget related to agriculture, rural areas and farmers. This was a year-on-year increase of 130.7billion yuan, said Premier Wen Jiabao in his work report at the opening of the first session of the 11th National People's Congress (NPC), the top legislature.

    "Now that China has achieved fast development, it is time that farmers, who made great contribution to the economic miracle, share the fruit with (urban) citizens," said Professor Xu Xianglin of the Party School.

    Research fellow Li said "our ultimate goal is to have some farmers become citizens, while the rest live a life no worse than the former."

China liberalizes farmers' land use right to boost rural development

    BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) issued a landmark policy document on Sunday to allow farmers to "lease their contracted farmland or transfer their land-use right" to boost the scale of operation for farm production and provide funds for them to start new businesses.

    The Decision on Major Issues Concerning the Advancement of Rural Reform and Development was approved by the CPC Central Committee on Oct. 12 at a plenary session. Full story

China to continue opening-up policy in agricultural sector

    BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) reiterated on Sunday it would continue opening up the country's agriculture sector.

    In a document unveiled by the CPC Central Committee, the Party said it would encourage labor-intensive and technology-intensive exports and allow moderate imports that were in short supply in the domestic market.Full story 

China vows to strive for balanced rural and urban development

    BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- China will take multiple measures to support rural economic and social development to realize a balanced growth between its rural and urban areas, according to a Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee decision here on Sunday.

    Comprehensive planning will be conducted in fields including industrial development, infrastructure construction and public service, as well as employment, with the needs of both rural and urban areas taken into account. Full story

CPC champions improved leadership for smooth agricultural reform, development

    BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) vowed on Sunday to improve its leadership in the country's vast rural area to carry out smooth reform and boost development in the region.

    Efforts were needed to constantly improve the CPC's leadership in dealing with agriculture work, according to a landmark policy document published by the CPC Central Committee. Full story

CPC pledges to build modern industrial system for agriculture

    BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- The Chinese Communist Party (CPC) plans to build a market-oriented industrial system for the country's agriculture sector with a necessary method of technological progress.

    In a lengthy document unveiled by the CPC Central Committee on Sunday, the Party said it would lead infrastructure construction of the agricultural process, circulation and transport to the places that needed it most.Full story 

Report: China to make unremitting efforts to ensure grain security

   BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- China must make unremitting efforts to guarantee the country's grain security at all times, a policy paper published by the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee said on Sunday.

    The Decision on Major Issues Concerning the Advancement of Rural Reform and Development was approved by the CPC Central Committee on Oct. 12 at a plenary session. Full story

China endeavors to set up modern rural financial system

    BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee on Sunday set the direction for establishing a modern rural financial system in effort to boost the rural economy.

    The guidance was made in a document approved by the committee on Oct. 12 at a plenary session. Full story

Top China political advisor proposes more attention on grain security

    BEIJING, Oct. 18 (Xinhua) -- China should pay more attention to its grain security in rural reform, said Jia Qinglin, the country's top political advisor, here on Saturday.

    It should be a top priority to maintain grain production when the country develops modern agriculture, said Jia, chairman of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) National Committee, when the third meeting of the CPPCC National Committee's Standing Committee concluded here. Full story

CPC closes major meeting with decision on rural reform, development 

    BEIJING, Oct. 12 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee on Sunday approved a decision on major issues concerning rural reform and development at the close of a four-day plenum.

    Hu Jintao, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, delivered a work report at the Third Plenary Session of the 17th CPC Central Committee, which was held from Oct. 9 to 12 in Beijing.

China political advisors meet to discuss rural reform

    BEIJING, Oct. 15 (Xinhua) -- China's senior political advisors convened here on Wednesday to discuss the new Party decision on rural reform and advice on the issue.

    During the four-day third meeting of the Standing Committee of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) National Committee, political advisors were expected to carefully review the decision made at the third Plenary Session of the 17th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee that closed on Sunday, said Jia Qinglin, the CPPCC National Committee chairman who presided over the meeting.  

China targets doubled income of rural residents in 12 years

    BEIJING, Oct. 12 (Xinhua) -- China's top decision makers said on Sunday that the country had set a goal to double the per capita income of rural residents by 2020, based on the 2008 level.

    The goal was part of the decision made at the close of the third Plenary Session of the 17th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, which focused on issues concerning rural reform and development.

CPC leadership convenes to discuss further rural reform

      BEIJING, Oct. 9 (Xinhua) -- The 17th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) started its third plenary session on Thursday to discuss important changes in rural reform and development policies. 

      A draft of the Central Committee decision on major issues concerning rural reform and development would be deliberated at the four-day meeting, said a statement issued after the session opening. 

CPC pledges to improve social welfare of rural residents

    BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) issued a policy document on Sunday urging for the improved social welfare enjoyed by the country's 900 million rural population. Full story

CPC: Rural reform faces difficulties, challenges despite favorable conditions

    BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- China's rural reform and development faces many difficulties and challenges, said the policy paper issued on Sunday by the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee.

    Despite the ongoing reform in rural areas and increasing participation in global cooperation and competition, many problems, especially deep-seated ones caused by urban and rural inequalities, still exist, the paper said. Full story

Editor: Yan
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