BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) issued a landmark policy document on Sunday to allow farmers to "lease their contracted farmland or transfer their land-use right" to boost the scale of operation for farm production and provide funds for them to start new businesses.
The Decision on Major Issues Concerning the Advancement of Rural Reform and Development was approved by the CPC Central Committee on Oct. 12 at a plenary session.
According to the full text of the document, markets for the lease of contracted farmland and transfer of farmland use rights shall be set up and improved to allow farmers to sub-contract, lease, exchange and swap their land use rights, or joined share-holding entities with their farmland.
Such transfers of land-use rights must be voluntarily participated by farmers, with adequate payment and in accordance with the law, the CPC Central Committee said.
According to domestic law, farmland is collectively owned, but meted out to farmers in small plots in long term leasing contracts. The new measures adopted are seen by economists as a major breakthrough in land reforms initiated by late leader Deng Xiaoping 30 years ago, which will avail farmers of opportunities to conduct scale management and new business operations.
When the document was drafted, some have argued that the new policy might create a few landlords and many landless farmers who will have no means for a living. And arable lands to be used for non-farming purposes, might threaten the country's food safety.
To ease such fears, the CPC Central Committee also provided in the document that the country would carry out "the most stringent farmland protection system" and urged local authorities to firmly safeguard the 1.8 billion mu (120 million hectares) minimum farmland set line.
China is facing a sharp conflict between land supply and demand. The area of arable land shrank 610,100 mu in 2007 to 1.826billion mu, only slightly above the government's set target.
The CPC Central Committee also called on local governments to stick to "the most stringent land conservation system" to strictly ontrol the total scale of the land used for urban development.
The government would strive to double the per-capita disposable income of rural residents from the 2008 level to more than 1200 U.S. dollars by 2020, the Party document said.
China will unswervingly stick to and improve the household contract responsibility system that entrusts the management and production of publicly-owned farmlands to individual households through long-term contracts, according to the document.
The CPC Central Committee also urged more support be given to quicken the development of special rural cooperatives. This was in a bid to turn them into modern agricultural organizations to guide farmers to participate in domestic and global market competition.
The committee also promised to revise relevant laws to regulate and push forward the rural land management system reform in "a normative manner."
Photo taken on Oct. 12, 2008, shows all
nine members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the
Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee Hu Jintao (C), Wu Bangguo
(4th R), Wen Jiabao (4th L), Jia Qinglin (3rd R), Li Changchun (3rd L), Xi
Jinping (2nd R), Li Keqiang (2nd L), He Guoqiang (1st R) and Zhou Yongkang
(1st L) attend the third Plenary Session of the 17th CPC Central
Committee, which was held from Oct. 9 to 12 in Beijing. (Xinhua/Li
China vows to strive for balanced
rural and urban development
BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- China will take multiple measures to support rural
economic and social development to realize a balanced growth between its rural
and urban areas, according to a Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee
decision here on Sunday.
Comprehensive planning will be conducted in fields
including industrial development, infrastructure construction and public
service, as well as employment, with the needs of both rural and urban areas
taken into account.
China endeavors to set up modern rural
Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee on
Sunday set the direction for establishing a modern rural financial system in
effort to boost the rural economy.
The guidance was made in a document approved by the
committee on Oct. 12 at a plenary session.
CPC pledges to build modern industrial
system for agriculture
Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- The Chinese Communist Party (CPC) plans to build a
market-oriented industrial system for the country's agriculture sector with a
necessary method of technological progress.
In a lengthy document unveiled by the CPC Central
Committee on Sunday, the Party said it would lead infrastructure construction of
the agricultural process, circulation and transport to the places that needed it
China to make unremitting efforts to
ensure grain security
Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- China must make unremitting efforts to guarantee the
country's grain security at all times, a policy paper published by the Communist
Party of China (CPC) Central Committee said on Sunday.
The Decision on Major Issues Concerning the Advancement of
Rural Reform and Development was approved by the CPC Central Committee on Oct.
12 at a plenary session.
CPC champions improved leadership for
smooth agricultural reform, development
BEIJING, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- The
Communist Party of China (CPC) vowed on Sunday to improve its leadership in the
country's vast rural area to carry out smooth reform and boost development in
Efforts were needed to constantly improve the CPC's
leadership in dealing with agriculture work, according to a landmark policy
document published by the CPC Central Committee.
CPC closes major meeting with decision
on rural reform, development
BEIJING, Oct. 12 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central
Committee on Sunday approved a decision on major issues concerning rural reform
and development at the close of a four-day plenum.
Hu Jintao, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee,
delivered a work report at the Third Plenary Session of the 17th CPC Central
Committee, which was held from Oct. 9 to 12 in Beijing.
China political advisors meet to
discuss rural reform
BEIJING, Oct. 15 (Xinhua) -- China's senior political
advisors convened here on Wednesday to discuss the new Party decision on rural
reform and advice on the issue.
During the four-day third meeting of the Standing
Committee of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) National
Committee, political advisors were expected to carefully review the decision
made at the third Plenary Session of the 17th Communist Party of China (CPC)
Central Committee that closed on Sunday, said Jia Qinglin, the CPPCC National
Committee chairman who presided over the meeting.
China targets doubled income of rural
residents in 12 years
BEIJING, Oct. 12 (Xinhua) -- China's top decision makers
said on Sunday that the country had set a goal to double the per capita income
of rural residents by 2020, based on the 2008 level.
The goal was part of the decision made at the close of the third Plenary Session
of the 17th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, which focused on
issues concerning rural reform and development.
CPC leadership convenes to discuss
further rural reform
BEIJING, Oct. 9 (Xinhua) -- The 17th
Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) started its third
plenary session on Thursday to discuss important changes in rural reform and
A draft of the Central Committee decision on
major issues concerning rural reform and development would be deliberated at the
four-day meeting, said a statement issued after the session opening.