HONGHE, Yunnan, Oct. 10 (Xinhua) -- Experts have found the
ciwujia injections suspected of causing the deaths of three people in southwest
China failed to meet standards, authorities in Yunnan Province has said.
Tests on samples from batches 2007121511 and
2007122721 of "Ciwujia Injection" used in the No. 4 People's Hospital of the
Honghe Autonomous Prefecture of Hani and Yi Nationalities showed the products
were substandard, said Sun Yuemin, the expert team leader investigating the
deaths and a senior doctor with No. 2 Hospital affiliated to Kunming Medical
"The herbal injections were produced by Wandashan
Pharmaceutical. They differed in shades of colour. Some looked turbid and some
rubber caps of the bottles were swollen," he said." But we are still unsure what
caused these problems."
Experts dispatched by the Ministry of Health had
tested 180 samples from the two batches, but found no toxins, such as rodent
poison, pesticide or herbicide, Yunnan Provincial Health Department announced on
The problematic injections were produced in December
by Wandashan Pharmaceutical in northeastern Heilongjiang Province. The medicine
was extracted from ciwujia, a type of Siberian ginseng.
In total, 19 people used the injections in the No. 4
People's Hospital of Yunnan's Honghe Prefecture, said hospital president Liu Ru.
Six patients had strong adverse reactions, including
vomiting and comas, after being injected with ciwujia from the two batches.
Three died in hospital on Monday. The others were described as stable, but still
The firm recalled 3,600 bottles of injections, less
than 10 percent of the total of the two batches, following the deaths of the
three people, said Feng Dianguo, the company's deputy party chief.
"Nearly 48,000 bottles were produced for the two
batches, and we recalled 3,600 bottles, or 360,000 milliliter. The rest had been
Wandashan Pharmaceutical, with more than 570 staff,
had suspended production to cooperate with the investigation.
Siberian ginseng injections are often used to treat
thrombosis caused by weak liver and kidneys. It is also believed to be helpful
in treating coronary heart disease, nervous exhaustion and menopausal problems.