YINCHUAN, July 7 (Xinhua) -- A total of 8,288 Muslims in northwest China's
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the largest Muslim region in the country, have
made the pilgrimage to Mecca, Islam's holiest site in Saudi Arabia, a religious
A pilgrimage to Mecca, also call the hajj, is the fifth pillar of Islam, an
obligation that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by every
able-bodied Muslim who can afford to do so.
Before 1978, only seven Muslims from Ningxia traveled to Mecca for the
hajj. At that time, the cost of the trip was just 8,000 yuan, said Ma Zhanquan,
Since China resumed organizing the hajj trip in 1985, the number of
pilgrims from Ningxia grew from 15 in 1988 to 1,655 in 2007, which reflects a
loosened religious policy and a sharp increase in per capita income of local
farmers, said Hei Fuli, vice chairman of the Islamic Association of Ningxia.
Ningxia is home to 2.17 million Muslims, accounting for over one third of
the region's total population and more than one tenth of China's 20 million
Muslim population. Currently, Ningxia has 3,760 mosques.
China's growing material prosperity has had a knock-on effect in the
spiritual lives of its Muslim citizens. As mud houses have given way to brick
homes, as brackish water has been transformed into tap water, and as motorcycles
and computers have replaced the sewing machine as the latest machines that every
home seems to possess, Guo Tingjiang, 70, a farmer in Dongtasi Town, Wuzhong
City, has realized his dream of going to Mecca.
"I was a cowherd. I didn't go to school and never knew the Arabic language.
But I went to Beijing and Mecca. It was a miracle for me," he said.
Guo spent 30,000 yuan (4,323 U.S. dollars), a huge sum for people living in
the poverty-stricken area, and made his trip to Mecca in 2000. The 40 days in
the regional capital Yinchuan, Beijing and Mecca means his life now has no
regrets. Guo's wife also became a hajj pilgrim in 2005.
The pilgrimage to Mecca is not only a religious activity for the Muslims,
but also broadens their vision and promotes understanding among different Muslim
sects, Hei Fuli said.
A total of 1,970 Muslims from Ningxia and neighboring Shaanxi Province went
to Mecca last December on direct charter flights from Yinchuan. It cut the trip
to eight hours and 40 minutes, saving at least 2,000 yuan for each hajj
More than 10,000 Muslims went to Mecca for the pilgrimage in 2007,
according to the China Islamic Association.
Around 1,700 Muslims in Ningxia and 13,000 in the whole country are
expected to go to Mecca this year, Hei said.
According to incomplete statistics, there are over 100 million followers of
various religious faiths, more than 85,000 sites for religious activities, some
300,000 clergy and over 3,000 religious organizations throughout China. In
addition, there are 74 religious schools and colleges run by religious
organizations for training clerical personnel.
"We used to pray on the goat fur in our mosque. Now we pray on woolen
carpets. More and more people can afford the trip now as they get richer," said
Yang Yuming, imam in Tongxin Mosque, the largest mosque in