Taxes and levies in Tibetan areas included land rent,
stock rent, corvee and taxes.
The main form of land rent was forced labor. In
addition, there was a mixed form of land rent, which was paid in kind, forced
labor and cash.
The manorial lords generally kept 70 percent of their
land under their own management and rented out the rest to their serfs as
thralkang land. The serf tenants of the thralkang land also had to till the land
managed by the manorial lord, using their own farm animals and tools. The entire
harvest on land managed by the manorial lords belonged to them alone.
The serfs had to do corvee for manorial lords and
local government and pay taxes in kind and cash. Corvee duties were allotted by
the local government.
There were two kinds of stock rent: paid in animal
products to the manorial lords according to the original number of livestock
rented from them, or in products according to the actual number of livestock.
Other taxes included land tax, corvee tax, and