¡¡ BEIJING, April 11 (Xinhua) -- A modern administrative system
featuring regional autonomy and proper public services, is thriving in Tibet,
said Tibetologists who denied any possibility of the region returning to
theocracy with the Dalai Lama as its head.
Theocracy has lost its root in Tibet as people have
learned from the past, Professor Lhagpa Phuntshogs, China Tibetology Research
Center (CTRC) general director, told Xinhua Friday.
"Tibet had been under the theocratic rule and feudal
serfdom for centuries until the 1950s," he said, adding theocracy in Tibet was
not unique from the system that used to dominate Europe and was abandoned since
the Renaissance in the 15th century.
The old political system poisoned Tibet, leaving
thousands in poverty and slavery, he said. "The Dalai Lama, since the fifth one,
has sat at the top of this hierarchy and remained its symbol till now.
"People might forget who were those following the
Dalai Lama to flee Tibet in 1959 and why they left?" he said.
Historical documents showed that the majority of the
Dalai Lama's followers in 1959 were nobles and monks that enjoyed privilege
under the theocratic and feudal rule. They stood against China because they
refused any reforms and changes to the old system that the central government
initiated, the expert said.
The "Tibetan government-in-exile", founded by the
Dalai Lama and his supporters, adopted a theocracy-like system, said Tang
Jiawei. The famed Tibetologist based in southwest Sichuan Province cited its
"constitution" that granted the Dalai Lama the highest power upon its religious
and political affairs.
"The Dalai group is not as democratic and free of
conflicts and violence inside itself as its leader claims," Tang said.
One of the most well known incidents was the Dalai
Lama's attack against believers of a Tibetan Buddhist deity, Dorjee Shugden.
The religious repression from the Dalai Lama and his
men upon this group of believers started in the 1990s. In 1996, the Dalai Lama
ordered a ban against worshipping the deity and a number of the deity's statues
were damaged while believers were harassed and threatened.
This led to a 300-people protest in London when the
Dalai Lama visited the British capital in the summer of 1996.
At a ritual in India in January 2007, he again
ordered people not to worship Dorjee Shugden, denounced its believers as spies
of the Chinese government and asked his followers to make black-or-white
decision between him and Dorjee Shugden.
After this statement, statues of the deity were
damaged in some temples in Tibet and other Tibetan-inhabited regions.
Observers said the Dalai Lama was using religion to
suppress his political rivals and achieve political targets.
While Tibetan people were working hard to improve
their hometowns, the Dalai Lama and his supporters harassed the Chinese border
with foreign anti-China forces in the 1960s and fanned violent incidents in the
1980s. Last month, the violence claimed 19 innocent lives in Lhasa.
"Tibet is not paradise. It faces challenges and
difficulties during its development," said Bi Hua, a CTRC expert. "But people
know who are showing the real sense of responsibility to Tibet."
"Tibet has made great progress in the past decades,"
added 60-something Tenzin Ganpa, another CTRC senior researcher and a native of
Common people are provided with improving public
services in education, health care, pension and housing while enjoying a higher
living standard, he said.