Special report: Dalai clique's separatist activities
BEIJING, April 9 (Xinhua) -- The Amnesty
International report issued after the unrest in Lhasa and ahead of the Olympics
to assail China's human rights record was to "create hurdles for China's
peaceful development", human rights experts said here on Tuesday.
Chen Shiqiu, the China Society for Human Rights
Studies vice-chairman, said some Western countries "always observe China through
tainted glasses, and they are unwilling and uncomfortable to see the country's
Speaking at a seminar, Chen said the report echoed
the Dalai Clique and Tibetan separatists outside China so as to sabotage the
"They always oppose China so they don't want the
country to successfully host the Games." He added the report was to slander and
attack China under the pretense of human rights so as to damage the nation's
peace and stability as well as ethnic unity and social progress.
The London-based Amnesty International issued a
report on March31 that assailed China's human rights record, criticized its
handling of the Lhasa unrest and urged the International Olympic Committee and
world leaders to pressure the country.
Xiong Lei, director of the China Society for Human
Rights Studies, a non-governmental organization, said Amnesty International
should learn some basic human rights knowledge.
The report held China "cracked down on Tibetan
protestors" but in fact, the so-called protestors were criminals that involved
in assaults, vandalism, looting and arson, she said. "They were human rights
destroyers instead of human rights fighters."
"Likewise, those separatists have nothing to do with
human rights. Any government that protects human rights is entitled to
exercising legal sanctions over criminals. That's a real protection of human
Liu Hainian, a research fellow of the Institute of
Law under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said Amnesty International
claimed human rights on the one hand but turned a blind eye to the violence in
"The double standards they applied would draw
antipathy of all the kindhearted," said Liu, adding linking the Olympics to the
human rights issue was not in accord with the Olympic spirit of peace and
friendliness and would hurt the 1.3-billion Chinese people.
As for China's death penalty issue mentioned by the
group in the report, Liu said, the death penalty stipulated in China's law was
in line with the United Nations conventions in principle.
In reality, he said countries including the United
States, like China, did not abolish capital punishment, and the practice of
cautiously exercising death sentences and reducing their number rests with the
current situation in China.
According to Liu's studies, since the Supreme
People's Court took back the power of reviewing death penalties in 2007, the
country's number of capital punishments has dropped, with half of the cases
changed to a reprieve in the end.
About 99 percent of the death penalty with a two-year
reprieve was ultimately not executed, said Liu.
Yang Chengming, professor of the Beijing Institute of
Technology and director of the China Society for Human Rights Studies, said the
Amnesty International report, similar with those issued by other foreign rights
organizations, had "evident logical errors".
The report claimed that China could improve its human
rights record only after imposed pressure, but in fact the choice of respecting
and protecting human rights was made by the Chinese themselves and was the
principle of the Constitution and the governing concept of the Communist Party,
He added that the report, which took the improvement
of human rights as a mark of a successful Games, was not in line with the
Yang also rebutted the report's accusation that China
would implement registration measures over more than 20,000 overseas reporters
covering the Games.
"It distorts the fact. Measures about journalists to
be adopted in the Beijing Olympics fully comply with the practice set by the
International Olympic Committee," he said.
Luo Yanhua, professor of the School of International
Studies of Beijing University, said human rights development of any countries
was "spontaneous and gradual", but not "imposed by foreign forces or quickly
"If some western rights groups really want to help
some countries in improving their human rights situation, they should carefully
study what they need and offer some practical help," Luo said.