Orheim believed such actions actually reflected the
short sightand irresponsible stances of developed nations on the issues of
Asia will be hardest hit with the rising sea level
caused by global warming, said the expert. "A meter higher of the sea level will
bring impacts to nearly 100 million people on an area of 800,000 square km in
Asia and direct economic loss will amount to 400 billion U.S. dollars." he
The developed nations should take the lead in
confronting the challenges and reducing their reliance on fossil fuels by
turning to clean and recyclable energy, he added.
Since the beginning of 2007, a series of high-level
international conferences have made climate change one of their key topics.
Representatives from over 180 countries adopted the
Bali Roadmap on December 15 in Indonesia's resort island of Bali after two weeks
of exhausting bargaining and negotiations.
The roadmap includes a clear agenda for the key
issues to be negotiated up to 2009, so a pact will be ready when the
carbon-capping Kyoto Protocol expires in 2012.
Top UN climate change official Yvo de Boer said the
developed countries should take the major responsibility for the climate change
and do more in curbing greenhouse gas emission.
OSLO, Feb. 29 (Xinhua) -- The polar cap in the Arctic
may well disappear this summer due to the global warming, Dr. Olav Orheim, head
of the Norwegian International Polar Year Secretariat, said on Friday.
The shrinking of the Arctic ice cap has been
astonishing, Orheim said in an interview with Xinhua.
"Ice sheet hit the historical low of 3 million square
km during the hottest weeks last summer, while it covered 7.5 million square km
on average before the year 2000, " he said.
"If Norway's average temperature this year equals
that in 2007,the ice cap in the Arctic will all melt away, which is highly
possible judging from current conditions," Orheim said.