White Paper: China's Efforts and Achievements in Promoting the Rule of Law
www.chinaview.cn 2008-02-28 19:19:07   Print

    BEIJING, Feb. 28 (Xinhua) -- The Information Office of the State Council published a white paper titled China's Efforts and Achievements in Promoting the Rule of Law here Thursday.

    Following is the full text:

    China's Efforts and Achievements in Promoting the Rule of Law

    Information Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China

    February 2008, Beijing

    Contents:

    Foreword

    I. Historical Course of Building a Socialist Country under the Rule of Law

    II. Legislation and Legal System with Chinese Characteristics

    III. Legal Systems of Respecting and Safeguarding Human Rights

    IV. Legal Systems Regulating the Order of the Market Economy

    V. Administration by Law and Building a Government under the Rule of Law

    VI. Judicial System and Fair Administration of Justice

    VII. Popularization and Education of the Law

    VIII. International Exchange and Cooperation in Legal Construction

    Conclusion

    Appendix

    List of Current Effective Laws of the People's Republic of China

    Foreword

    The rule of law signifies that a political civilization has developed to a certain historic stage. As the crystallization of human wisdom, it is desired and pursued by people of all countries.

    The Chinese people have made protracted and unremitting struggles for democracy, freedom, equality and the building of a country under the rule of law. They know well the significance and value of the rule of law, and thus cherish the fruits they have achieved in building China into a country under the rule of law.

    The rule of law in a country is determined by and conforms to its national conditions and social system. To govern the country according to law and build a socialist country under the rule of law is the Chinese people's demand, pursuit and practice.

    The Communist Party of China (CPC) has led the Chinese people in successfully opening up the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Along this road, China, in line with the objective requirements arising in the course of continuous economic, political, cultural and social development, has upheld the organic unity of the CPC's leadership, the position of the people as masters of the country and law-based governance, stuck to the principle of people first, advocated the spirit of the rule of law, fostered the idea of democracy and rule of law, freedom and equality, fairness and justice, developed and improved the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, promoted the exercise of administrative functions in accordance with the law in all respects, deepened the reform of the judicial system, perfected the mechanism of restraint of and supervision over the use of power, guaranteed the citizens' lawful rights and interests, maintained social harmony and stability, and continuously promoted institutionalization of all work.

    The Chinese people are comprehensively implementing the rule of law as a fundamental principle, and speeding up the building of a socialist country under the rule of law. This is a great, unprecedented social practice involving 1.3 billion Chinese people under the leadership of the CPC. The Chinese nation, with a long history and splendid civilization, is striding ahead on the road of democracy and the rule of law, and opening up a new realm in the development of human political civilization.

Editor: Feng Tao
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