BEIJING, Feb. 28 (Xinhua) -- The Information Office
of the State Council published a white paper titled China's Efforts and
Achievements in Promoting the Rule of Law here Thursday.
Following is the full text:
China's Efforts and
Achievements in Promoting the Rule of Law
Information Office of the State Council of the
People's Republic of China
February 2008, Beijing
I. Historical Course of Building a Socialist Country
under the Rule of Law
II. Legislation and Legal System with Chinese
III. Legal Systems of Respecting and Safeguarding
IV. Legal Systems Regulating the Order of the Market
V. Administration by Law and Building a Government
under the Rule of Law
VI. Judicial System and Fair Administration of
VII. Popularization and Education of the Law
VIII. International Exchange and Cooperation in Legal
List of Current Effective Laws of the People's
Republic of China
The rule of law signifies that a political
civilization has developed to a certain historic stage. As the crystallization
of human wisdom, it is desired and pursued by people of all countries.
The Chinese people have made protracted and
unremitting struggles for democracy, freedom, equality and the building of a
country under the rule of law. They know well the significance and value of the
rule of law, and thus cherish the fruits they have achieved in building China
into a country under the rule of law.
The rule of law in a country is determined by and
conforms to its national conditions and social system. To govern the country
according to law and build a socialist country under the rule of law is the
Chinese people's demand, pursuit and practice.
The Communist Party of China (CPC) has led the
Chinese people in successfully opening up the road of socialism with Chinese
characteristics. Along this road, China, in line with the objective requirements
arising in the course of continuous economic, political, cultural and social
development, has upheld the organic unity of the CPC's leadership, the position
of the people as masters of the country and law-based governance, stuck to the
principle of people first, advocated the spirit of the rule of law, fostered the
idea of democracy and rule of law, freedom and equality, fairness and justice,
developed and improved the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics,
promoted the exercise of administrative functions in accordance with the law in
all respects, deepened the reform of the judicial system, perfected the
mechanism of restraint of and supervision over the use of power, guaranteed the
citizens' lawful rights and interests, maintained social harmony and stability,
and continuously promoted institutionalization of all work.
The Chinese people are comprehensively implementing the rule of law as a fundamental principle, and speeding up the building of a socialist country under the rule of law. This is a great, unprecedented social practice involving 1.3 billion Chinese people under the leadership of the CPC. The Chinese nation, with a long history and splendid civilization, is striding ahead on the road of democracy and the rule of law, and opening up a new realm in the development of human political civilization.