BEIJING, Dec. 6 (Xinhua) -- Beijing will introduce
cleaner energy for automobiles and greatly cut emissions, as air pollution has
become a major concern for the city in the preparation for "green" Olympic
From January 1, 2008, automobile distributors in Beijing will have to sell gasoline and diesel meeting the new
China IV standards that are equivalent to the Euro IV standards in the European
Union, according to Du Shaozhong, deputy director of Beijing Environment
It is expected the new standards will reduce the
amount of sulphur dioxide pumped out onto the streets of the nation's capital by
automobile exhausts by 1,840 tons every year.
Environmental authorities said major distributors
including Sinopec and PetroChina are "technically mature" enough to provide
China IV standards fuel and are well poised to first sell the product in
The current China III standards, equivalent to the
Euro III standards, have reduced sulphur dioxide emissions from automobile
exhausts by 2,480 tons annually since it was enforced at the end of 2005,
according to official statistics.
To reduce pollutants in emission, some buses in
Beijing have already used fuel that meets the China IV standards.
There are 3.1 million motor vehicles in Beijing and
about 1,000 to 1,200 vehicles are adding to Beijing's roads every day.
Despite a rapid increase in the number of motor
vehicles, Beijing has managed to reduce nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide,
two main pollutants in exhaust emission, in the air.
Nitrogen dioxide in every cubic meter of air reduced
by 10.8 percent between 1998 and 2006, or from 74 gammas to 66 gammas per cubic
meter, and carbon monoxide decreased by 33 percent from 3.3 milligram to 2.2
milligrams per cubic meter.
About 40 percent to 50 percent of the major
pollutants in Beijing's air -- nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and inhalant
particulate matter -- come from vehicle exhaust emissions.