Special Report: Fight against Global
By Zhao Jinchuan
BALI, Indonesia, Dec. 2 (Xinhua) -- With thousands of
government officials, NGO representatives and journalists arriving in the resort
island of Bali, Indonesia said it is ready for the 12-day UN climate change
conference which starts Monday and was confident it will be successful.
Many delegates and journalists are waiting in long
queues Sunday to register themselves in the registration hall in the Bali
International Convention Center, where the meeting will be held under tight
of the organizing committee said more than 10,000 people from some 180 countries
have confirmed their attendance at the conference, including 130 environment
ministers and five heads of state and government, plus Australian Prime
Minister-elect Kevin Rudd and U.S. former Vice President and 2007 Nobel Prize
co-winner, Al Gore.
Yvo de Boer, head of the U.N. Climate
Change Secretariat, speaks during a briefing on media arrangements in Nusa
Dua, Bali island Dec. 2, 2007. Delegates from about 190 nations gathered
in Bali on Sunday to try to build on a "fragile understanding" that the
fight against global warming needs to be expanded to all nations with a
deal in 2009(Xinhua/Reuters Photo)
Earlier, Indonesian presidential spokesman Dino Patti
Djalal said, "We are ready for the big event. Pak President (Susilo Bambang
Yudhoyono) will be there on Monday (Dec. 3) to make sure everything is in place
for the conference."
Head of Indonesia's organizing committee Agus Purnomo
confirmed that security, logistical, accommodation and transportation
arrangements for the event were in place.
Dino said, "looking at what we achieved in the Bogor
preparatory meeting last month, we are optimistic we will strike a consensus on
the Bali road map during the conference".
The conference reportedly would cost some 140 billion
rupiah (about 16 million U.S. dollars).
Meanwhile, Indonesian Foreign Minister Hassan
Wirayuda said if only the Bali conference can come up with an agreeable road map
that includes clear procedures and mechanisms to achieve a post-Kyodo treaty in
2009, "we can consider the conference a success."
"We also will try to make sure that the Bali meeting
is inclusive. For instance, the Kyodo Protocol established ad hoc working groups
to discuss all matters relating to the implementation of the protocol," he
"We hope that we can have an agreement on these
matters during the Bali conference," said the minister.
Indonesia and the United Nations Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC) are set to jointly host the 13th Session of Conference
of Parties (COP13) on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the
third Session of Conference of Parties serving as a meeting of parties to Kyoto
On Monday, outgoing COP12 President David Mwiraria of
Kenya is scheduled to officially open the meeting.
The conference would then be presided over by
Indonesian Environment Minister Rachmat Witoelar, with support from the UNFCCC,
headed by executive secretary Yvo de Boer.
The first week will be allocated for negotiations
among the Kyoto Protocol parties including high-ranking government officials on
a wide range of issues, followed by talks involving 130 environment ministers.
Addresses from UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and
Indonesian President Yudhoyono are set to kick off the high-level negotiations.
Delegates are expected to create a road map on the
mechanisms and procedures for negotiations to establish a new commitment to the
Kyoto agreement, which is set to expire in 2012.
The conference is also set to discuss four core
issues, including ways to reach a consensus on climate adaptation, mitigation to
curb sources of emissions of greenhouse gasses, the transfer of technology from
developed countries to developing ones, and a financing scheme to curb the
impacts of climate change.
The UNFCCC said in a statement that the Bali
Conference will not deliver a fully negotiated and agreed climate deal, but is
aimed to set the necessary wheels in motion".
During the meeting, participants are expected to
negotiate the launch of a collective fund for adaptation, ways to reduce
emissions from deforestation and burning, issues pertaining to the carbon
market, and to arrange for a review of the Kyoto Protocol.
However, with many differences between the developed
and developing countries on climate issues, observers here have predicted
negotiations at the meeting will be tough.