BEIJING, Nov. 30 (Xinhua) -- Chinese people who live
abroad for more than a year will have to take an HIV test on their return,
according to a regulation which takes effect on Saturday, the World AIDS Day.
The regulation on the cross-border control and
prevention of AIDS was issued by the General Administration of Quality
Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (GAQSIQ) back in May.
Chinese citizens will be required to take an HIV test
at the border when he or she enters the country, or apply for a HIV test form at
the border and take the test at qualified local hospitals within a month.
Foreigners wanting to stay in China for more than a
year will also be required to take an HIV test and show the results to the
public security departments when applying for a residence certificate.
Chinese employees working for international transport
services, such as airlines, cross-border bus and train services will also have
to take HIV tests.
On the other hand, China is relaxing restrictions on
HIV carriers visiting the country from overseas.
"China has started revising the current laws and
regulations that ban HIV carriers from entering the country," health ministry
spokesman Mao Qun'an said earlier this month.
China issued the Law on Control of the Entry and Exit
of Aliens in 1985, regulating that foreigners with infectious diseases such as
leprosy, HIV/AIDS and venereal disease were not allowed to enter the country.
"According to the transmissive nature of HIV/AIDS and
our current evaluation of the harmfulness of HIV carriers, we have decided to
revise laws and regulations that ban HIV carriers' from entering the country,"
But he didn't say when and how the laws would be
The new regulation to take effect on Saturday said
that HIV-positive people, Chinese and foreigners, shall report to the quarantine
authority when entering China. The authority will inform the local disease
control and prevention departments after confirming the report.
A report issued by China's Ministry of Health, the
World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS said that by the end of October 2007,
a total of 223,501 people had been officially reported to carry HIV in China,
including 62,838 AIDS patients.
The real figures are estimated at 85,000 AIDS
patients and 700,000 people living with HIV/AIDS.
Globally, 2.5 million people have been diagnosed with
HIV so far in 2007, with a total of 33.2 million living with the virus.