Aug. 20 (Xinhuanet) -- Residents of the Gulf Coast worry about hurricanes, but
an invasion of Australian jellyfish could wreak more havoc by devasting the
fishing and shrimp industries.
Residents of the Gulf Coast worry about
hurricanes, but an invasion of Australian jellyfish could wreak more havoc
by devasting the fishing and shrimp industries. (File Photo)
The giant jellyfish invaded the Gulf of Mexico
seven years ago, have made a "vigorous reappearance" this summer and threaten to
devour native fish, scientists announced Friday.
And in the Gulf, with a
large menu to choose from, they grow to monster size.
"In their native waters, they tend to be fist-sized,"
said Monty Graham of the Dauphin Island Sea Lab. "Here in the Gulf, they can be
a big as dinner plates." The creatures can weigh up to 25 pounds.
The Australian spotted jellyfish, Phyllorhiza
punctata, are not dangerous to humans. But scientists say the invasion could
pose a threat to the fishing and shrimping industries. The jellies foul trawling
nets and eat eggs and larvae of other fish.
The invasive jellyfish have been found in the Gulf
since 2000 but in small numbers. This year, there are more of them, and their
range has extended up to the Mid-Atlantic states.
"Reports from the Panhandle of Florida and North
Carolina indicate they're pretty concentrated elsewhere," Graham said. "We just
started getting reports of Phyllorhiza appearing on the east coast of Florida
and as far up as North Carolina this year."
Jellyfish can be carried around the globe when they
attach to ships. Other studies have found that species of moon jellyfish are
invading seas all over the planet. Another study finds jellyfish are
opportunists, moving in and taking over regions of the sea that humans