BEIJING, June 13 (Xinhua) -- Discrimination is still widespread in China's
job market according to a recent survey.
Conducted by the China University of Political Science and Law early this
year, the survey covered 3,454 people in 10 cities including Beijing, Guangzhou,
Nanjing, Wuhan, Shenyang, Xi'an, Zhengzhou, Yinchuan and Qingdao.
About 86 percent of the respondents said discrimination existed in the
country's employment market with 51 percent labeling it "serious."
And 22 percent of the respondents said they had been denied job
opportunities because they are physically disabled, 19 percent because of their
low level of academic attainment and another 19 percent were turned away because
their registered residence origin was not the same as the city where they were
hunting for a job.
The survey showed that discrimination is common in government departments,
with gender, registered residence origin, height and appearance being the four
criteria most frequently cited.
When the respondents were asked, "If you were an employer, what kind of
people would you not hire?" 63 percent said they would not employ HIV carriers,
56 percent said they would not recruit hepatitis B carriers, and 53 percent said
they would not hire patients with venereal disease.
"Job discriminations exists not only in companies but also in government
departments," said survey leader Cai Dingjian, a professor from the China
University of Political Science and Law.
"There is an urgent need to combat discrimination in the workplace," Cai
The frustrating job-hunting experience of Guo Hui, who will graduate with a
doctor's degree from China's top-notch Beijing University, is a good
illustration of what happens.
Guo, a native of Handan in north China's Hebei Province, became paraplegic
when she was 12 years old after a misdiagnosis.
She has sent out more than 100 job applications to employers in Beijing,
Tianjin and Shanghai since November but did not receive a single reply,
Wednesday's People's Daily reported.
After quitting primary school because of discrimination, Guo --who is bound
to a wheelchair -- studied by herself.
After getting her Master's degree from Shandong University, Guo applied for
a job as a teacher, but was rejected because she was disabled.
She passed exams to enter the doctoral program at Beijing University in
Fluent in English and French and the recipient of several state-level
scholarships, she could not even get a job as a part-time teacher when she was
studying in Beijing.
"(I didn't get the jobs) -- not because I was unqualified, but because I
was physically disabled," Guo said.
According to an employment law which came into effect on May 1,2007,
disabled people should account for at least 1.5 percent of the employees of each
employing unit -- including enterprises, government agencies and institutions.